Cologne Hartschier-Garde

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Cologne Army >> Cologne Hartschier-Garde

Origin and History

On 19 April 1701, Elector Joseph Clemens of Cologne signed a subsidy contract with France by which he agreed to supply two cavalry regiments and two dragoon regiments, each of two squadrons.

However, the present regiment (Hartschier-Garde, aka Garde Electorale, aka Archers Cologne) consisted of a single squadron.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:

  • no information found

Service during the War

By February 1702, the unit was attached to the French corps of the Marquis de Montrevel. In October, the unit made a junction with Tallard’s Army on the Lower Rhine. At the end of the year, it took up its winter-quarters in Luxembourg.

By May 1703, the regiment was part of a corps under under the command of the Prince Tserclaes de Tilly. On 30 June, the regiment took part in the Battle of Ekeren. By mid-October, it was posted in Namur.

By February 1704, the regiment was posted in the Principality of Liège. In April, it was in the vicinity of Namur.

In 1705, the regiment campaigned in Flanders.

Inn May 1706, the unit was at Namur. On 19 May, it set off from Namur to join the French army at Vissenaken. On 23 May, the regiment fought in the Battle of Ramillies. At the end of June, the regiment was at the camp of Thulin; at the end of July, at the camp of Cuesmes. At the end of the year, it took up its winter-quarters in Lille.

In 1707, the regiment campaigned in Flanders.

In 1712, the regiment was stationed in Flanders.



Uniform in 1702- Source: Copyright Richard Couture
Uniform Details
Headgear black tricorne laced silver
Neck stock probably black
Coat blue with silver buttons on the right side
Collar none
Shoulder straps no information found
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets with silver buttons (we assume that there were 3 buttons in our illustration)
Cuffs black with silver buttons (we assume that there were 3 buttons in our illustration)
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat black?? with silver buttons
Breeches leather
Leather Equipment
Bandolier no information found
Waistbelt no information found
Cartridge Box no information found
Scabbard no information found
Footgear black leather boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth no information found
Housings no information found
Blanket roll no information found

Troopers were armed with a sword, a pistol and a carbine.


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Golberg, Claus-Peter: Kur-Köln 1701-1713 – Haustruppen im Spanischen Erbfolgekrieg, Kaltenkirchen, 1996, p. 1, 3-4, 10

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.