Cossé Cavalerie

From Project WSS
Revision as of 13:29, 10 September 2023 by RCouture (talk | contribs) (Created page with "<small>Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> {{PAGENAME}}</small> ==Origin and Hist...")
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to navigationJump to search

Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Cossé Cavalerie

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on 30 May 1653 by Armand de Beautru, Comte de Nogent.

In 1653, the regiment took part in the sieges of Vervins, Rethel, Mouzon and Sainte-Ménehoud; in 1654, in the sieges of Stenay, Arras and Le Quesnoy; in 1655, in the siege of Landrecies, Condé and Saint-Ghislain. In 1656, it was ceded to the Marquis de Vaubrun and sent to Italy, where it participated in the siege of Valencia. In 1657, the regiment returned to Northern France and was present at the capture of Montmédy, Saint-Venant, Ardres and La Mother-aux-Bois. In 1658, it was ceded to the Chevalier de Nogent and fought in the Battle of the Dunes.

In 1661, the regiment was reduced to its Mestre de Camp company. It was re-established at its full strength in 1665. In 1667, it contributed to the capture of Lille, where it remained in garrison. In 1668, it was once more reduced to a single company. The regiment was re-established a third time on 9 August 1671, it then numbered six companies. On 15 March 1672, it was split into two distinct regiments: Sainte-Ruth Cavalerie, the object of the present article and De Vins Cavalerie, which would be disbanded in 1679 after the Treaty of Nijmegen.

In 1672, at the outbreak of the Franco-Dutch War (1672-78), Sainte-Ruth Cavalerie took part in the campaign in Holland. In 1673, it was at the siege of Maastricht. In 1674, it was ceded to the Marquis de Saint-Germain-Beaupré and took part in the in the Battle of Seneffe. In 1675, it covered the sieges of Dinant, Huy and Limbourg. In 1676, it served on the Moselle and took part in the Combat of Kokersberg. In 1677, the regiment was brought back to Flanders and took part in the Battle of Cassel and in the siege of Saint-Omer. In 1678, it was at the sieges of Ghent and Ypres and fought in the Battle of Saint-Denis.

On 8 August 1679, the regiment was for a fourth time reduced to a single company. On 15 January 1684, it was permanently re-established.

In 1688, at the outbreak of the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment was allocated to the Army of Germany, took part in the conquest of Palatinate and served on this frontier for three years. In 1692, it was transferred to Flanders and took part in the sieges of Namur and Charleroi and in the Battle of Steenkerque. In 1693, it fought in the Battle of Landen and was present at the capture of Huy and Charleroi. On 10 February 1694, the regiment was ceded to the Comte de Cossé (future Duc de Brissac).

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive Mestres de Camp commanding the regiment were:

  • from 10 February 1694: N. de Brissac, Comte de Cossé
  • from 30 May 1704: N. de Magnières
  • from 1710 to 24 December 1725: N. Marquis de Monteils

By a regulation dated 30 March 1737, the regiment was renamed “Royal-Pologne”.

Service during the War

In 1701, the regiment was allocated to the Army of the Rhine.

On 14 October 1702, the regiment took part in the Battle of Friedlingen.

In 1705 and , Magnières Cavalerie served in Italy.

In 1707, the regiment served in Savoie and Dauphiné.

From 1710 to 1713, the regiment served in Flanders and in Germany.

Uniform

To do

Standards

Regimental standards: aurore (light orange) field embroidered and fringed in gold; centre device consisting of a golden royal sun surmounted by a scroll bearing the royal motto “Nec Pluribus Impar”

Cossé Cavalerie Regimental Standard – Copyright Kronoskaf

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de la cavalerie française, Vol. 2, J. Hetzel et Cie, Paris, 1874, pp. 107-115
  • Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 334

Other sources

Funcken, L. and F.: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle