Crofton Dragoons

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Crofton Dragoons

Origin and History

This dragoon regiment was raised in 1705, as the Tercio de Grafton. It recruited among Irishmen exiled during the Nine Years' War (1688–97) and Irish or British prisoners captured during the previous campaigns of the current war.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the owner of the regiment was:

  • from 1705: Colonel Henry Crofton
  • from 170?: Colonel David Sarsfield, 5th Viscount Kilmallock(killed in action in December 1710 at the Combat of Villaviciosa
  • from 1710: Colonel Don Julian O'Callaghan

In 1715, the regiment was renamed "Dragones de Dublin".

Service during the War

On 10 December 1710, the regiment took part in the Combat of Villaviciosa, where its colonel was killed in action.

Uniform

Troopers

Uniform in 1706 - Copyright: Michele Savasta Fiore
Uniform Details in 1706
Headgear Troopers: black tricorne laced yellow with a red cockade

Grenadiers: dragoon mitre cap with a blue front flap edged yellow and a red cap with an blue pompom

Neck stock white
Coat red with blue lining; copper buttons
Collar none
Shoulder straps yellow aiguilette on the right shoulder
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 copper buttons
Cuffs blue, each with 3 copper buttons and 3 yellow buttonholes
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat no information found
Breeches blue
Leather Equipment
Bandolier natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather worn above the coat (white for grenadiers)
Cartridge Box black leather
Scabbard natural leather with a white metal tip
Footgear black leather gaiters fastened with straps
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth blue bordered with a yellow braid with a blue stripe
Housings blue bordered with a yellow braid with a blue stripe and decorated with the golden monogram of Philip V
Blanket roll no information found


Grenadier Uniform in 1706 - Copyright: Michele Savasta Fiore

Troopers were armed with a sword, two pistols and a musket.
Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small white woolen epaulette
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Musicians

no information found yet

Guidons

All Irish dragoon regiments in the Spanish service carried the same generic Colonela guidon depicted below.

Colonela Guidon - Copyright: Michele Savasta Fiore using a template contributed by Gilbert Noury
Ordonnance Guidon - Copyright: Michele Savasta Fiore using a template contributed by Gilbert Noury

Note: Another source mention red ordonnance guidons with the arms of Spain on one side and the regimental badge on the other.

References

Boletin de la Agrupacion de Miniaturistas Militares de España

Dragonas Magazine

Acknowledgment

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article.

Michele Savasta Fiore for the research on the uniforms and guidons of this regiment.

Jorg Meier for additional information on the commanders of the regiment.