Croix de Fréchapelle Cavalry
Origin and History
The exact date when this regiment was raised is unknown. It is possible that the Duke of Celle raised it during the Thirty Years’ War.
In 1666, the regiment, then known as Villier, took part in the relief of Bremen. In 1667, during the War of Devolution (1667-68), it was briefly taken in Spanish pay.
In 1671, the regiment formed part of the force which captured the city of Braunschweig.
In 1673, during the Franco-Dutch War (1672-78), the regiment campaigned against the French on the Weser. In 1674 and 1675, it campaigned on the Rhine and contributed to the capture of Saarbrück and Trier, and to the occupation of the country of Bremen and Verden. In 1676, it served on the Rhine.
In 1688, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment formed part of the relief force sent to the Rhine. In 1689, the regiment contributed to the capture of Mainz and Bonn. In 1690, it was at the Battle of Fleurus; in 1692, at the Battle of Steenkerque.
In 1700, the regiment took part in the campaign against the Danes in Holstein.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive regimental Inhabers were:
- from 1694: Colonel de la Croix de Frechapelle (retired in 1711 as major-general)
- from 1711 to 1731: Major-General Schlüter (died in 1731)
Service during the War
In 1702, the regiment served in the Netherlands where it joined Marlborough’s Army. From October 13 to 25, it took part in the siege of Liège.
In 1703, the regiment contributed to the capture of Huy.
On 23 May 1706, the regiment took part in the Battle of Ramillies.
On 11 July 1708, the regiment took part in the Battle of Oudenarde. It then covered the siege of Lille.
On 11 September 1709, the regiment took part in the Battle of Malplaquet.
Until 1729, the uniform of the regiment consisted of a white coat with light blue distinctive and silver buttons.
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This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:
- Wissel, Friedrich v. and Georg von Wissel: Geschichte der Errichtung sämmtlicher Chur-Braunschweig-Lüneburgischen Truppen, sammt ihren Fahnen, Standarten und Pauken-Devisen ..., Zelle, 1786, pp. 49-59