Dauphiné Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Dauphiné Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was created on 24 September 1684 and took the name of the Province of Dauphiné. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from 1 to 30 September for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments. The regiment was given to Sébastien-Hyacinthe Le Sénéchal, Chevalier de Carcado-Molac.

In 191, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment took part in the siege of Mons. In 1692, it was stationed on the coasts of Normandie. In 1693, the regiment was transferred to the Army of the Alps and fought in the Battle of Marsaglia. In 1694 and 1695, it campaigned in the Alps; and in 1696 and 1697, on the Rhine.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:

  • from 24 September 1684: Sébastien-Hyacinthe Le Sénéchal, Chevalier de Carcado-Molac
  • from 10 February 1704: Carcado-Molac (more precise information not available)
  • from 5 September 1706 to 10 March 1734: Jean-Baptiste de Vassal, Comte de Montviel

On 10 February 1749, the regiment was disbanded. Its grenadiers were incorporated in the Grenadiers the France and its other companies in Médoc Infanterie.

Service during the War

From 1702 to 1704, the regiment was stationed in the Kingdom of Naples.

In 1705, the regiment took part in the siege of Chivasso. On 16 August, it fought in the Battle of Cassano.

In May 1706, the regiment took part in the siege of Turin. On 8 September, it fought in the Battle of Castiglione.

In 1707, the regiment was transferred to Spain and, on 25 April, fought in the Battle of Almansa. It later took part in the siege of Lérida.

In 1708 and 1709, the regiment campaigned in the Alps.

From 1710 to 1713, the regiment campaigned in Flanders.

Uniform

To do

Colours

Colonel Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 240-241