Dauphin Dragons

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Dauphin Dragons

Origin and History

The regiment was raised at Tournai on 14 September 1673 by the Marquis de Sauveboeuf. After his death at the combat of Konzer Brücke, in August 1675, King Louis XIV gave the regiment to Monseigneur Louis, Dauphin de France on 29 August 1675.

In 1673, during of the Franco-Dutch War (1672-78), the regiment took part in the capture of the Castle of Sarrebourg. In 1674, it participated in the Battle of Seneffe and in the sieges of Dinant, Huy and Limbourg; in 1675, in the Battle of Konzer Brücke, where its mestre de camp was killed, and in the defence of Trier; in 1676, in the sieges of Condé, Bouchain and Aire; in 1677, in the capture of Valenciennes, in the Battle of Cassel and in the capture of Saint-Omer; and in 1678, in the capture of Ghent and Ypres and in the Battle of Saint-Denis.

In 1681 and 1682, the regiment was at the camp of the Sarre; and in 1683 at the camp of the Saône. In 1684, it covered the operations of the siege of Luxembourg. In 1685, it was at the camp of the Saône. In 1686, it was posted on the frontier with the Duchy of Savoy.

In 1688, at the outbreak of the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment joined the Army of Flanders and fought in the Combat of Walcourt. In 1691, it took part in the Battle of Leuze; and in 1692, in the capture of Namur and in the Battle of Steenkerque. In 1693, it was at Heidelberg. In 1695, it took part in the defence of Namur. It was then stationed on the Meuse River until the end of the war.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive mestres de camp lieutenants of the regiment were:

  • from 31 August 1700: César de Brouilly, Marquis de Wartigny
  • from 12 November 1704 to 8 March 1718: Louis-Edmond du Fossé de La Mothe, Marquis de Watteville

Service during the War

In 1701, at the beginning of the war, the regiment was stationed in the Low Countries.

In 1702, the regiment was sent to Italy. On 26 July, it fought in the 1702-07-26 – Combat of Santa Vittoria, where it formed part of the first column, under d'Albergotti and Colonel Murcey. His mestre de camp lieutenant, the Marquis de Wartigny was wounded during this combat. On 15 August, it took part in the Battle of Luzzara where it was initially posted at the extreme right wing of the first line but it was transferred to the centre. It dismounted to fight. In this battle, it suffered so heavy losses (3 captains and 300 dragoons) that it was barely fit for duty.

In 1703, the regiment took part in the French offensive in South Tyrol. On 29 September, it was at San Benedetto, when the French army forced the troops of the Duke of Savoy to surrender as prisoners of war. In November, the regiment was at the capture of Asti.

In June and July 1704, the regiment was at the Siege of Vercelli; in August and September, at the Siege of Ivrea; and from October 1704 to April 1705, at the Siege of Verrua.

On 16 August 1705, the regiment was present at the Battle of Cassano.

On 7 September 1706, the regiment fought in the disastrous Battle of Turin.

From 1707 to 1710, the regiment was stationed in Dauphiné. It was then transferred to Flanders.

In 1713, the regiment campaigned in Germany and took part in the siege of Landau.

Uniform

no information found

Guidons

Regimental guidons (gros de Tour linen swallow-tailed guidons) blue field sown with alternating golden fleurs de lys and golden dolphins and fringed in silver and gold; centre device consisting of a golden royal sun surmounted by a scroll edged bearing the motto “In Periculo ludunt”

Dauphin Dragons Regimental Guidon – Source: Jean-Louis Vial of Nec Pluribus Impar

References

Susane, Louis: Histoire de la cavalerie française, Vol. 1, Paris: Hetzel, 1874, pp. 328-336

Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, pp. 428-429