Dentici Cavalry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Dentici Cavalry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in the Vice-royalty of Naples in November 1703 with troops recruited in Apulia and Abruzzo, including French deserters.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • since 1 May 1704: Placido Dentici
  • from 5 February 1708: Virginio Colonna

The regiment was disbanded in 1715.

Service during the War

On 8 May 1704, along with Carraciolo Cavalry, the regiment was transported from Naples to serve in the Duchy of Milan. They disembarked at Finale, then marched to Tortona. On 30 May, when the regi8ment was reviewed, it counted 12 companies of 38 men each, for a total of 456 troopers and 78 officers. The regiment later marched back to Finale in preparation for its transfer to Spain.

On 21 March 1705, the regiment embarked for Barcelona. On 2 August, when it was reviewed, it counted only 43 officers and 290 troopers, including 48 men unfit for duty. The regiment then took part in the defence of Barcelona. After the surrender of the city, the 148 survivors were transported to Almeria aboard British ships.

In 1706, the regiment incorporated men from the disbanded Carraciolo Cavalry.

The regiment was then sent to Granada.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1704 - Copyright Kronoskaf
Uniform Details
Headgear black tricorne laced yellow, with a red cockade
Neck stock white cravate
Coat white with brass buttons on the right side (along the coat edge and the centre back vent); yellow laced buttonholes on both sides (along the coat edge and the centre back vent)
Collar none
Shoulder straps probably 3 red ribbons on each shoulder
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 4 brass buttons and four yellow laced buttonholes
Cuffs red, each with 3 brass buttons and 3 yellow laced buttonholes
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat red
Cape no information found
Breeches white
Leather Equipment
Bandolier natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather worn above the coat
Cartridge Box natural leather ventral cartridge box
Scabbard black leather with a white metal tip
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth no information found yet
Housings no information found yet
Blanket roll no information found yet


Troopers were armed with a sword, a pistol and a carbine.

Officers

Officers wore a uniform similar to those of troopers. However, it was made of finer cloth and showed the following differences:

  • black tricorne laced gold with a red cockade
  • coat edged with a golden braid
  • gold laced buttonholes and gilt buttons
  • a golden aiguillette at each shoulder
  • cuffs edged with a golden braid

Officers also wore a red sash fringed in gold around the waist.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet:

Corneta : silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small woolen epaulette (red or of the distinctive colour of the regiment)
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Musicians

no information found yet

Standards

no information found yet

References

Dragonas Magazine, 1998

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article.