Dutch Gardes du Corps

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Dutch Army >> Dutch Gardes du Corps

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on 21 February 1685 as the Squadron of Gardes du Corps. Each of the four companies of this single squadron consisted of:

  • 1 captain
  • 1 lieutenant-captain
  • 1 cornet
  • 1 quartermaster
  • 2 trumpeters
  • 1 clerk
  • 3 corporals
  • 1 solicitor
  • 43 troopers

On the eve of the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment consisted of one squadron and belonged to the Provinces of Friesland.

Since its creation, the successive commanders of the regiment were:

  • from 21 February 1685: Frans van Emminga
  • from 5 January 1689: Jan Hessel van Aylva
  • from 12 February 1697 to 14 July 1711: Godefird Hilcken van Lorch (drowned in 1711 at Moerdijk)

In 1795, the regiment was disbanded.

Service during the War

In December 1702, the regiment took up its winter-quarters in Leuwarrden.

In 1703, the regiment took up its winter-quarters in Friesland.

On 23 May 1706, the regiment fought in the Battle of Ramillies where it was deployed in the first line of the right wing. In June and July, it took part in the siege and capture of Ostend.

In 1707, the regiment campaigned in Flanders.

On 11 July 1708, the regiment took part in the Battle of Oudenarde.

In May 1712, the regiment was in Flanders, forming part of the armies of Prince Eugène de Savoie.

Uniform

Troopers

Uniform Details circa 1720 as per de Wilde and Belaubre
Headgear no information found yet
Neck stock no information found yet
Coat blue with blue lining and with gilt buttons with golden buttonholes from top to bottom on the right side
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets with 3 yellow buttons with golden buttonholes
Cuffs blue with yellow buttons with golden buttonholes
Turnbacks none (it seems that the basques of the coat could be turned back if needed but this was a rare practice during this period)
Waistcoat yellow
Breeches leather
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather, worn above the coat
Cartridge Pouch "no information found"
Scabbard natural leather
Footwear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth no information found yet
Housings no information found yet
Blanket roll no information found yet


Troopers were armed with a sword, a pistol and a carbine.

NCOs

no information found yet

Officers

Officers wore a uniform similar to the one of the rank and file but of a better quality.

Musicians

no information found yet

Standards

Standard of the 1st Company - Copyright: Kronoskaf
Standard of the 2nd Company - Copyright: Kronoskaf
Standard of the 3rd Company - Copyright: Kronoskaf
Standard of the 4th Company - Copyright: Kronoskaf

References

Belaubre, Jean and Dr. de Wilde, Claus-Peter Golberg, Kaltenkirchen, 2001, p. 38-39

Tessin, Georg: Die Regimenter der europäischen Staaten im Ancién Regime des XVI. bis XVIII. Jahrhunderts. Part 1. Die Stammlisten, Osnabrück 1986

Hofkriegsrat Blogspot

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgement

Phil Carrington for his work on the lineage of Dutch regiments

Mathias Kussmann for the initial version of the article