Eckh Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Austrian Army >> Eckh Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised according to a patent issued on 28 December 1709 by EmperorJoseph I. It received companies from several infantry regiments stationed in Italy: Württemberg, Harrach, Max Starhemberg, Bagni, Zum Jungen, Regal, Brandenburg-Bayreuth, Kriechbaum and Herberstein. The regiment was destined to serve in Spain.

The successive proprietors of the regiment during the War of the Spanish Succession were:

  • from 1710: Christian Count Eckh (aka Egg) (died one day after the relief of Cardona on 23 December 1711
  • from 1712: Otto Ferdinand Count Abensperg-Traun

The successive effective commanders of the regiment during the War of the Spanish Succession were:

  • from 1710: Count Eckh (the proprietor of the regiment)
  • from 1712 to 1723: Count Abensperg-Traun (the proprietor of the regiment)

The regiment was disbanded 1748, entire companies were integrated in 17 different regiments, which garrisoned in Lombardy.

Service during the War

On 27 July 1710, the regiment, which had been transported to Spain, took part in the Battle of Almenar, where it was deployed in Luccini’s Brigade, in the second line of the right wing. On 10 December, the regiment fought in the disastrous Combat of Villaviciosa.

In 1711, the regiment operated in Catalonia. In November and December, it took part in the defence of Cardona.

In 1712, the regiment campaigned in Catalonia.

In 1713, when the emperor retired his troops from Spain, the regiment was stationed in the region of Milan in Italy, where it remained until 1717.

Uniform

Uniform in 1711 - Copyright: Richard Couture
Uniform Details as per
Kühn & Hall
Headgear
Fusilier black tricorne laced white; as field sign, green foliage was attached to the tricorne in summer and a wisp of straw in winter

N.B.: to distinguish soldiers (from corporal down to privates) of each company, a button or rosette at the colour of the company was attached to the tricorne.

Grenadier bearskin edged with a white braid; probably a yellow hanging bag edged with a white braid
Neck stock white
Coat pearl grey with pewter buttons on the right side and 1 pewter button on each side in the small of the back
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 pewter buttons
Cuffs yellow, each with 3 pewter buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat pearl grey
Breeches pearl grey
Stockings white fastened under the knee with a natural leather strap
Gaiters made of canvas and used only when the soldier wore linen breeches; in this case, the stockings were replaced by linen socks; the use of gaiters generalized much later
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt a yellow deer or buffalo leather waist-belt worn above the waistcoat
Cartridge Pouch red or black leather pouch containing 24 cartridges, a pewter oil flask, two needles attached to a small chain (to clean the touch-hole of the lock), a tube that held the match for lighting the fuse of grenades, with a wooden peg on a small chain and a roll of fuse. The cartridge box had two cover flaps. The top one was sometimes decorated with a metal badge bearing the cipher or the arms of the Inhaber.

Grenadiers carried two cartridge pouches. The first one, slightly larger than that of fusiliers, was worn on wide cross-belt and contained grenades and a pewter tube that held the match for lighting the fuse of grenades; the smaller second pouch was attached to the waist-belt and contained cartridges for the musket.

Bayonet Scabbard black leather
Scabbard none
Footwear Russia leather shoes


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Grenadiers were also armed with hand grenades.

NCOs

NCOs carried a spontoon (half-pike). They were also armed with a Stossdegen (a long two-edged estoc or rapier) carried in a black leather scabbard attached to the waist-belt.

NCOs of grenadier companies carried a flintlock musket instead of the spontoon.

NCOs also carried a cane whose characteristics indicated their precise rank. This cane had the length of a walking stick and was carried in and out of service. In action, to free hands, the cane was hanged to a button of the coat.

Grenadier sergeants and fouriers were distinguished from privates by three silver braids on the bag of their bearskin.

Officers

Uniforms of officers were always of finer cloth than those of the privates.

Officers wore a black and yellow silk sash across the chest or around

Lieutenants of the grenadier companies were distinguished from privates and NCOs by four golden braids on the bag of their bearskin; captains by five golden braids on their bearskin.

Officers carried a partisan. The partisan was decorated with a tassel: gold for the colonel, gold with silver fringe for the lieutenant-colonel, gold and silken fringe for captains and silken fringe for lieutenants. In some regiments, the captains' tassel was entirely of silk; in this case the lieutenants' partisan had no tassel. The partisans of staff officers had gilt butt caps.

Officers were also armed with a Stossdegen (a long two-edged estoc or rapier) carried in a black leather scabbard attached to the waist-belt.

Officers carried a cane whose characteristics indicated their precise rank. This cane had the length of a walking stick and was carried in and out of service. In action, to free hands, the cane was hanged to a button of the coat.

Officers of grenadier companies carried a flintlock musket instead of the partisan. Captains, lieutenants and sergeants of these companies always had their bayonet affixed to their musket.

In the field, officers carried a pair of pistols.

Musicians

In the Austrian Army of the time, musicians often wore uniforms in reverse colours with the distinctive colour of the regiment used for the coat.

The drum belt was usually brown and worn on the right shoulder. the waist.

Colors

no information found yet

References

Thürheim: Otto Ferdinand Graf von Abensperg und Traun pp. 11ff, Vienna 1877

Wrede, A. v.: Geschichte der K. und K. Wehrmacht, file II. pp. 210ff, Vienna 1898

Kühn/Hall: 'The Imperial Regiments of Foot 1701-1714, Part 21

Acknowledgments

Harald Skala for the initial version of this article