Efferen, Johann Wilhelm, Baron von

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Personalities >> Efferen, Johann Wilhelm, Baron von

Efferen, Johann Wilhelm, Baron von

Palatine Major-General (1703-1705), Lieutenant-General (1705-1724)

born around 1675

died 9 August 1724, Heidelberg


Johann Wilhelm Baron Efferen was born around 1675 in an aristocrat family of the Lower Rhine. His father was Johann Adam Heinrich, and his mother, Anna Agnes Johanna von Norprath.

In 1697, as lieutenant-colonel of the Palatine "Leibregiment zu Pferd", he mediated the transfer of four dragoon companies (eaxh of 80 men) from the army of the Margrave Christian Ernst von Bayreuth to the Palatine Army. In mid-June, these companies arrived the Odenwald region and were attached to the Sandratzky Dragoon, bringing it up to a total of 10 companies, equal to the other cavalry regiments. In the same year Baron Efferen was appointed Governor of Heidelberg (Oberamtmann).

In 1700, Baron Efferen joined the general staff of the Palatine Army. In 1702, he bought the Lambsheim estate in Rhineland-Palatinate.

In 1703, during the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-13), Baron Efferen was promoted to major-general and chef of "Leibregiment zu Pferd" and appointed general inspector of whole Palatine Army.

In 1705, Baron Efferen was promoted to lieutenant-general.

In 1708, Baron Efferen supervised the defence of Tortosa. On 11 July, he had to capitulate.

On 5 October 1710, during the Siege of Aire-sur-Lys, Baron Efferen took part in an attack against a redoubt and was badly wounded.

Baron Efferen fell sick in 1721, and died on 9 August 1724 in Heidelberg. He was buried in the Capucine Church.

Around 1690, Baron Efferen married Maria Anna Franziska von Spee (+1725). The couple had two sons, both served in the Palatine army but died prior their father.


Bezzel, O.: Geschichte des Kurpfälzischen Heeres, Bayrisches Kriegsarchiv, IV. File, part 1 and 2, Munich 1925

Wikipedia – German Edition – Johann Wilhelm von Efferen


Harald Skala for the initial version of this article