Enghien Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Enghien Infanterie

Origin and History

Ensign of Enghien Infanterie circa 1706 - Courtesy of The New York Public Library

The regiment, counting two battalions, was created on 1 February 1706 for Louis Henri de Bourbon-Condé, Duc d'Enghien. After the death of Louis de Bourbon-Condé, Comte de Clermont, on 1 April 1710, the regiment remained without owner until July 17 1788.

The successive nominal commanders of the regiment were:

  • from 1 February 1706: Louis Henri de Bourbon-Condé, Duc d'Enghien (transferred to Bourbon Infanterie on 15 September 1709)
  • from 15 September 1709: Charles de Bourbon-Condé, Comte de Charolais (transferred to Bourbon Infanterie on 1 April 1710)
  • from 1 April 1710: Louis de Bourbon-Condé, Comte de Clermont (at his death, the regiment remained without owner until 17 July 1788)

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels-lieutenants of the regiment were:

  • from 1 February 1706: Louis de Beaupoil, Comte de Saint-Aulaire
  • from 26 April 1710 to 15 April 1726: Léon de Madaillan de Lesparre, Marquis de Lassay

In 1714, the regiment was reduced to a single battalion.

Service during the War

In 1707, the regiment campaigned under Villars and took part in the attack of the Lines of Stollhofen. It then accompanied the maréchal in all his expeditions in Swabia and Franconia.

In 1708, a battalion was sent to Flanders to reinforce the army campaigning on this frontier. The battalion remained at the camp of Meldert during the siege of Lille. The other battalion remained in Alsace.

On 26 August 1709, the regiment distinguished itself in the Combat of Rumersheim where it charged the enemy with great fury and lost its colonel-lieutenant, M. de Saint-Aulaire, and its lieutenant-colonel who were both killed. After this victory, the regiment returned to the Lines of the Lauter. In October, it was placed in observation on the Sarre along with Rouergue Infanterie and Royal-Bavière Infanterie.

The regiment then remained on the eastern frontier until 1713.

In 1713, the regiment contributed to the recapture of Landau and to the reduction of Freiburg.

Uniform

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Colours

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References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 7, pp. 253-255