Erbprinz Friedrich Dragoons
Origin and History
The regiment was raised in 1688 as the “Wartensleben Dragoons” from four companies of the Roten Reuter (Red Cavalrymen) established by Landgräfin Sophie and two additional companies. The name remained in use throughout the history of the regiment.
In 1690, the regiment became the property of Gräffendorf. Then from 1695, it belonged to the Erbprinz (Hereditary Prince) of Hessen-Kassel.
By the end of the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment consisted of 627 men in 8 companies.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regimental Chefs were:
- from 1695 to 1731: Erbprinz (Hereditary Prince) Friedrich of Hessen-Kassel
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the effective commanders of the regiment were:
- from 1697: Lieutenant-Colonel C.H. von May
- from 1709 to 1714: Colonel von Meysenburg zu Friedlingen
During the French Revolutionary Wars, the regiment fought in Champagne, Brabant, Flanders and Westphalia before being disbanded in 1806.
Service during the War
By 7 July 1702, the regiment was part of the Allied army encamped at Nijmegen.
On 15 November 1703, the regiment took part in the Combat of Speyerbach, where it was deployed in the first line of the cavalry right wing. At the beginning of December, the regiment was attached to the Allied corps posted in Bonn and in the Lines of Posterings.
By mid-May 1704, the regiment was part of the Allied army assembled in a camp near Bedburg by Lieutenant-General Lord Churchill. It then took part in the famous march to the Danube. On 2 July, the regiment was present at the Battle of the Schellenberg, where it formed part of the left wing under John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough. On 13 August, the regiment took part in the Battle of Blenheim where, along with the Auerochs Dragoons, it furiously charged and succeeded in capturing the French Maréchal Tallard.
In mid-August 1706, the regiment joined the Allied army operating in Lombardy. On 8 September, the regiment fought in the Battle of Castiglione.
In August 1707, the regiment took part in the unsuccessful Siege of Toulon.
On 11 September 1709, the regiment distinguished itself at the Battle of Malplaquet, where it rode down the French infantry. From June to August, one squadron of the regiment took part in the Siege and capture of Tournai.
In July 1712, the regiment formed part of the Allied army operating in the Low Countries under Field Marshal Prince Eugène de Savoie.
Witzel, Rudolf: Hessen Kassels Regimenter in der Allierten Armee 1762, bearb. u. hrsg. von Ingo Kroll, Norderstedt 2007, pp. 192-193
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.