Esclainvilliers Cavalerie

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Esclainvilliers Cavalerie

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on 16 September 1652 by the Duc de Candale to serve in the Army of Catalonia.

In 1654, the regiment was present at the capture of Villafranca, Roses and Puigcerdà. In 1655, it served in Picardie. In 1656, it returned to Catalonia and continued to serve on the frontier of the Pyrenees until the end of the war. On 20 July 1660, the regiment was reduced to a single company.

On 7 December 1665, the regiment was re-established to four companies to serve with the Army of Roussillon. In 1668, it was sent to Franche-Comté. On 24 May 1668, it was once more reduced to a single company.

On 9 August 1671, the regiment was re-established to full strength. In 1672, at the outbreak of the Franco-Dutch War (1672-78), it served in the Low Countries. In 1673, it took part in the siege of Maastricht, in 1674, in the conquest of Franche-Comté. The same year, it was ceded to the Marquis de Biran (later known as Maréchal de Roquelaure) and was transferred to Germany where it took part in the combats of Landenburg, Sinsheim and Entzheim. In 1675, it participated in the battles of Türkheim and Altenheim; in 1676, in the affair of Kokersberg; in 1677, in the siege of Freiburg; and in 1678, in the capture of Rheinfeld, Kehl, Lichtemberg and in the combat of Kinzig.

In 1679, the regiment was disbanded and its mestre-de-camp company was incorporated into Royal-Piémont Cavalerie.

On 20 October 1683, M. de Roquelaure was authorised to re-establish the regiment under the name of "Armagnac Cavalerie". Its mestre-de-camp company was removed from Royal-Piémont Cavalerie and formed the kernel of the new regiment. On 15 January 1684, the regiment was officially incorporated in the army under the name of "Roquelaure Cavalerie".

In 1688, at the outbreak of the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment at the camp of the Saône. In 1689, it campaigned in Germany. In 1690, it was transferred to Flanders where it fought in the Battle of Fleurus. In 1691, it took part in the Battle of Leuze; in 1692, in the Battle of Steenkerque; in 1693, in the Battle of Landen. In 1694, the regiment was transferred to the Rhine where it served until the end of the war.

In 1699, the regiment was at the camp near Landau.

On the eve of the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment consisted of two squadrons.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive Mestres de Camp commanding the regiment were:

  • from 10 May 1691: Charles-Timoléon de Séricourt, Marquis d'Esclainvilliers
  • from 16 March 1704 to 1724: N. de Séricourt, Marquis d'Esclainvilliers

Service during the War

At the beginning of July 1701, the regiment was part of Huxelles' troops posted on the Rhine. At the end of July, it was transferred to the Moselle. In December, it took up its winter-quarters in Luxeuil, Luve and Faverney.

On 20 January 1702, the regiment formed part of the first reinforcement destined to the French Army of Italy. It embarked at Toulon for Genoa and then marched to the Duchy of Milan by Alessandria. By 21 March, it had joined the army of the Duc de Vendôme in Northern Italy. By mid-July, it formed part of the army of the Prince de Vaudémont. On 15 August, it took part in the Battle of Luzzara. By 5 November, it was quartered in Cremona.

By mid-May 1703, the regiment formed part of Vendôme's Army. By 29 October, it was encamped near Goito.

In January 1704, the regiment was quartered in Lombardy.

On 19 April 1706, the regiment took part in the Battle of Calcinato, where it was deployed in the second line of the left wing.

From 1707 to 1712, the regiment served in Flanders. On 11 July 1708, it took part in the Battle of Oudenarde, where it was deployed in the second line of the left wing.

By mid-May 1712, the regiment was part of Villars' Army in Flanders.

In 1713, the regiment campaigned on the Rhine and took part in the siege of Landau.

Uniform

To do

Standards

no information found

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de la cavalerie française, Vol. 2, J. Hetzel et Cie, Paris, 1874, pp. 123-129
  • Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 336-337

Other sources

Funcken, L. and F.: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.