Estrades Dragons

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Estrades Dragons

Origin and History

The regiment was one of the four dragoon regiments that Louis XIV ordered to create on 14 September 1673. Its first mestre de camp was Jacques de Cassagnet de Tilladet, Chevalier de Fimarcon. By 6 November, the regiment was ready and was sent to Flanders.

In 1678, at the end of the Franco-Dutch War (1672-78), the regiment took part in the Battle of Saint-Denis.

In 1681, the regiment was at the camp of the Sarre from where it was sent to Piedmont to occupy the place of Casale.

In 1684, the regiment joined the Army of the Meuse which covered the siege of Luxembourg. From 1684 to 1688, it was cantoned in the vicinity of Strasbourg.

In 1689, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment was part of the Army of Flanders and participated in the raid against Mainz. In 1690, it took part in the capture of the Castle of Beckticheim. In 1692, it was transferred to Flanders for the siege of Namur. It also fought in the Battle of Steenkerque. It later took part in the bombardment of Charleroi and continued to serve in Flanders until 1697.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive mestres de camp of the regiment were:

  • from 10 August 1692: Godefroy-Louis Comte d’Estrades
  • from 11 January 1705: Charles-Louis-Auguste Fouquet, Comte de Bellisle
  • from 5 July 1709 to 1727: N. de Bullion, Chevalier de Bonnelles

Service during the War

In 1700, the regiment was sent to Italy.

On 9 July 1701, the regiment took part in the Combat of Carpi. On 1 September, it did not take part in the Battle of Chiari, because it had been ordered to remain in camp.

By the end of March 1702, the regiment formed part of the field army in Italy. On 26 July, the regiment fought in the Combat of Santa Vittoria. On 15 August, it took part in the Battle of Luzzara, where its mestre de camp captured a standard. It was later present at the siege of Guastalla and at the capture of Borgoforte.

In May 1703, the regiment was part of the army of the Duc de Vendôme in Northern Italy, and was deployed in the first line of the left wing. On 29 September, the regiment took part in the affair of San Benedetto, where the entire Savoyard Contingent had to surrender as prisoners of war. By 29 October, the regiment could field 180 mounted dragoons and 128 dismounted dragoons in three squadrons.

By January 1704, the regiment was part of the Franco-Spanish armies operating in Lombardy. During the campaign , the regiment took part in the sieges of Vercelli, Ivrea and Verrua.

On 16 August 1705, the regiment fought in the Battle of Cassano. It then spent the next winter cantoned in the vicinity of Valeggio where it twice drove back enemy parties.

On 19 April 1706, the regiment took part in the Battle of Calcinato, where it was deployed in the first line of the right wing. In this battle, it defeated a Prussian grenadier battalion, capturing its colours, and during a combat of cavalry took the Baron Falkenstein prisoners. Its mestre de camp the Comte de Bellisle was wounded in this affair. It later surprised a camp of three Imperial cuirassier regiments and captured 300 men, including 27 officers. In September, the regiment served dismounted at the Siege of Turin. On 8 September, it fought in the Battle of Castiglione, before being forced to retreat to France.

In 1707, the regiment was allocated to the Army of the Rhine. On 28 June, the regiment fought in an engagement at Lauffen near the Neckar River.

In 1708, the regiment was sent to Flanders to take part in the defence of Lille. Its mestre de camp, the Comte de Bellisle was seriously wounded during a sortie. After the capitulation of Lille, the regiment was sent back to the Rhine.

In 1710, the regiment returned to Flanders. On 14 April, it joined the forces which had undertaken the defence of Douai.

From 1712, the regiment served on the Rhine until the end of the war.

Uniform

Black tricorne laced silver; red fatigue cap with red lining and a white border; red coat with red cuffs and lining; red great coat; red waistcoat; red breeches; pewter buttons; white stockings; red saddlecloth bordered white.

Guidons

no information found

References

Susane, Louis: Histoire de la cavalerie française, Vol. 3, J. Hetzel et Cie, Paris, 1874, pp. 59-67

Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 430-431

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.