Fimarcon Dragons

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Fimarcon Dragons

Origin and History

The regiment was created on 4 October 1676 as “Barbezières” and raised in Languedoc.

In 1677 and 1678, during the Franco-Dutch War (1672-78), the regiment campaigned in Germany and Flanders.

On 10 August 1678, the regiment became the property of the House of Cassagnet de Tilladet.

In 1683, the regiment was at the camp of the Sarre; and in 1684, at the camp of Flanders under Boufflers.

In 1688, at the beginning of the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment served on the Rhine. In 1690, it was transferred to Italy and contributed to the victory of Staffarda. In 1691, it took part in the Combat of Susa. In 1692, it was recalled to Flanders and fought in the Battle of Steenkerque. In 1693, it took part in the Battle of Landen. It then campaigned in Flanders until the end of the war.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive mestres de camp of the regiment were:

  • from 9 August 1692: Jacques de Cassagnet de Tilladet, Marquis de Fimarcon
  • from 1702, N. de Cassagnet, Comte de Fimarcon
  • from 1 April 1705: François de Baschi, Marquis du Cayla
  • from 22 September 1706 to 23 December 1713: N. de Cassagnet, Chevalier de Tilladet

Service during the War

In 1701, at the beginning of the war, the regiment was sent to Italy. At the end of the year, it was placed in garrison in Cremona.

On 1 February 1702, the regiment distinguished itself at the defence of Cremona, when Prince Eugène de Savoie failed to storm the place. For his conduct, the Mestre de Camp de Firmarcon was promoted to brigadier. By 1 May, the regiment had joined the main army of the Duc de Vendôme. In mid-July, it formed part of the reserve. On 15 August, the regiment was present at the Battle of Luzzara. In September, it was at the capture of Guastalla. At the beginning of November, it was posted at Carpi.

In January 1703, the regiment was sent back to France where it was destined to the Army of the Rhine.

In 1705, the regiment was sent to the Cévennes to quench the revolt of the Camisards.

On 7 September 1706, the regiment was present at the disastrous Battle of Turin.

From 1707, the regiment served on the frontier of Dauphiné.

On 20 July 1709, the regiment was transferred from Fr/jus to Seyne, ready to enter Dauphiné.

In 1713, the regiment campaigned in Germany and contributed to the capture of Landau. At the end of the year, it was placed in garrison in Angers.

Uniform

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Guidons

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References

Susane, Louis: Histoire de la cavalerie française, Vol. 1, Paris: Hetzel, 1874, pp. 336-345

Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 435-436