Forez Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Forez Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was formed on 10 September, 1684 and took the name of the Province of Forez. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments. The new regiment was given to Jean-Noël de Barbezières, Comte de Chémerault.

In 1690, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment took part in the expedition of Ireland where it fought in the Battle of the Boyne and contributed to the defence of Limerick. In 1691, it was transferred to the Army of the Alps. In 1693, it took part in in the Battle of Marsaglia where its colonel was killed. In 1696, it was at the siege of Valenza. In 1697, it was transferred to the Army of Flanders.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:

  • from October 1693: Louis, Marquis de Polastron
  • from 27 February 1712 to 22 June 1716: Etienne-Joseph d’Ysarn, Marquis de Villefort d’Haussy

Service during the War

In 1705, the regiment took part in the sieges of Verrua and Chivasso.

In 1706, the regiment took part in the siege of Turin and in the Battle of Castiglione where it played a decisive role.

In 1707, the regiment took part in the defence of Provence and of Toulon.

From 1708 to 1712, the regiment served in the Army of the Alps.

In 1713, the regiment was transferred to the Army of Flanders.

Uniform

To do

Colours

Colonel Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 222-223