Fraula Cavalry

From Project WSS
Jump to navigationJump to search

Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Fraula Cavalry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in 1670 under the name of Caraffa. In 1683, it became “Brancaccio Cavalry”; and in 1694, “Fraula Cavalry” with the title of “Tercio de caballerie italiana”. It was the sole Italian cavalry regiment stationed in the Spanish Netherlands.

The regiment was disbanded in 1706.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • since 1694 until 1706: Emanuele Fraula (promoted to maréchal de camp in 1706)

Service during the War

In the Spring of 1701, the 2 squadrons of the regiment were stationed in the Spanish Netherlands.

By 17 April 1702, the regiment was at the camp near Liège. On 18 September, it was part of the corps of M. de Tserclaes who marched to Liège to protect the convoys coming from this place and to threaten Allied troops foraging on the right bank of the Meuse.

By 4 May 1703, the regiment was attached to the field army of Maréchal de Villeroy and Maréchal de Boufflers, in Fraula' Brigade in the second line of the cavalry right wing. By 13 October, the regiment was posted on the Moselle under the command of M. de Pracontal.

In 1706, the regiment was disbanded.

Uniform

no information found yet

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid. They always wore a tricorne notwithstanding the headgear worn by soldiers.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small woolen epaulette (red or of the distinctive colour of the regiment)
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Standards

no information found yet

References

Dragonas Magazine

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article.