Frederick de Sibourg's Foot
Origin and History
This regiment was part of the six Huguenot regiments of foot raised in England on 2 April 1706, in preparation for an expedition to support the Camisard revolt in the Cévennes. Most of the officers were pensioners from the Irish Establishment. However, the plan was aborted and the present regiment was sent to the Iberian Peninsula.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive proprietors of the regiment were:
- from 2 April 1706: Frederick de Sibourg (died 4 March 1709)
- from 2 April 1709: Balthazar D'Albon[ne] (died 1711)
- from 10 August 1709: Charles Du Bourgay
The regiment was reduced in 1712.
Service during the War
In July 1706, when the regiment sailed for England, it was not yet completed, nor did it have its full complement of officers. Late in the year, it was transported to Lisbon.
In 1707, the regiment was garrisoned in Alicante. Early the same year, it absorbed Paul de Blosset's Foot (some sources mention that the incorporation occured only in early 1708).
From December 1708 to April 1709, the regiment was part of the garrison that defended Alicante against the French besiegers. When the city surrendered in the first week of December 1708, the regiment withdrew into the citadel, defending the position together with Sir Charles Hotham's Foot. Its colonel was killed by a mine on 4 March 1709. The senior surviving officer, Lieutenant-Colonel D’Albon, continued to hold out till 18 April, when a capitulation was agreed to; the garrison marched out with two pieces of cannon and every mark of honour, and were conveyed by the British fleet to Minorca.
By the end of March 1712, the regiment was stationed in Catalonia. Later the same year, it was reduced.
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Carnegie, David and Andrew Agnew: Protestant Exiles from France/Volume 2 - Historical Introduction - section VIII in Wikisource
Dalton, Charles (ed.): English Army List and Commission Registers
- Vol. V. p. 202
- Vol. VI. p. 13
Tunath, Andrew: The British army in Catalonia after the battle of Brihuega, 1710-1712, in Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research, Vol. 91, No. 367 (Autumn 2013), pp. 182-205
N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.
Dalton. Charles (ed.): English Army List and Commission Registers Vol. VI. (1707-1714), London 1904, p. 176
Wienand Drenth and Jörg Meier for the research on this regiment