Fynske Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Danish Army >> Fynske Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on 1 July 1661 (or maybe as early as 17 November 1614).

From 1689 to 1697, one battalion (six companies) was in English pay.

By the time of the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment counted three battalions for a total of 18 musketeer companies and 1 grenadier company.

From 1701 to 1713, one battalion (seven companies) was in Dutch pay (maintained by the Province of Utrecht).

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the proprietors of the regiment were:

  • from 16 September 1699: Hans Hartmann von Erffa
  • from 13 November 1702: Hans Kristof Schönfeldt
  • from 13 October 1704: Albert Eyndten
  • from 1713 to 1716: J. Friis

The battalion in Dutch pay was under the command of:

  • from 22 March 1701: Johan Bernhard Dalwig
  • from 11 November 1704: Justus Voigt
  • from 16 April 1709: Georg Wilhelm Hedwiger, Count of Sponneck
  • from 12 April 1710: Friederich von Gersdorff

Service during the War

First Battalion in Dutch Pay

From 1701 to 1714, the regiment contributed its first battalion and its grenadier company (a total of about 860 men) to the contingent who served with the Maritime Powers (Dutch Republic and Great Britain).

In October 1701, the battalion embarked at Glüchstadt and was transported to Northern Holland.

In 1702, the battalion took part in the siege and capture of Liège.

In mid-March 1704, after settling the problem with pay arrears, the battalion was posted in Southern Brabant. In July, it was ordered to join Marlborough's Army in Bavaria. Upon its arrival, it was assigned to the army of Prince Eugène de Savoie and stationed at Heidelberg. On 13 August, it took part in the victorious Battle of Blenheim, where it was deployed in Scholten's Division in the second line of the infantry posted on the extreme right. In the autumn, it took part in the sieges of Trarbach and Saarburg. It took up its winter-quarters between the Moselle and the Rhine.

At the end of May 1706, this battalion joined Marlborouh's Army and took part in the Battle of Ramillies. It was present at the ensuing sieges of Antwerp, Ostend, Menin, Ath, Dendermonde and Oudenarde.

In 1709, the battalions took part in the siege of Tournai. On 11 September, it fought in the Battle of Malplaquet.

In 1714, the battalion returned to Denmark.

Other Battalions

From 1710, the two other battalions took part in the Great Northern War (1700–1721). On 10 March of the same year, they took part in the Battle of Helsingborg.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1701 - Copyright: Richard Couture
Uniform Details as per
Snorasson and Henriksen, and Martinsson
Headgear
Fusilier black felt flat topped hat with brims variously fastened up (one side, two sides or three sides or worn as a simple slouch hat). The brim was edged with a yellow braid. A cord ran around the basis of the crown. A rosette in the distinctive colour of the regiment or later a black cockade was worn on the left side of the hat. The lace and the cord could have been of the distinctive colour of the regiment (particularly in the early years of the conflict) or yellow.
Grenadier Grenadier caps came in several design from the popular cloth mitre cap to the bearskin with a hanging bag or the fur bonnet.
Neck stock white
Coat double-breasted grey-white coat with green lining; 22 pewter buttons (11 on each side) and 1 pewter button on each side in the small of the back. In the first years of the war, all buttonholes were usually trimmed in the distinctive colour of the regiment.
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 pewter buttons
Cuffs green, each with 3 pewter buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat green with pewter buttons
Breeches green during the early years of the war and gradually standardized to red
Stockings green fastened under the knee with a natural leather strap
Gaiters the use of gaiters generalized much later but they were already used in 1700 where red gaiters are reported
Overcoat grey-white with green lining and a green collar
Leather Equipment
Cross-belt yellowish natural leather worn across the left shoulder
Waist-belt yellowish natural leather waist-belt worn above the coat
Cartridge Box black for fusiliers

grenadiers carried a large grenade pouch containing two grenades and cartridges.

Bayonet Scabbard black leather
Scabbard black
Footwear black leather shoes with a brass buckle


Soldiers were armed with a flintlock musket, a small bayonet and a sword (fusiliers) or a sabre (grenadiers). Grenadiers were also armed with hand grenades and with a small axe.

NCOs

NCOs were probably distinguished from privates by a silver lace on the hat and by silver edging on the cuffs.

NCOs carried a cane whose characteristics indicated the precise rank of each NCO.

NCOs also carried a halberd and a sword. They had no musket, to the exception of grenadier NCOs who were armed as the privates.

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of the privates and NCOs by the finer material used. They were not standardized across the entire army but seems to have been similar within a regiment. Buttons were silver-plated and golden embroideries decorated the coat, cuffs and pocket flaps. Their coat could be single or double-breasted. In this particular regiment, officers initially wore a grey-white waistcoat.

The hats of officers were often edged with a red or white plumetis.

Officers usually wore a wig.

Officers wore a gorget and a silken sash of the distinctive colour of their regiment. Those serving in Dutch pay wore an orange sash across the shoulder.

Officers carried a cane whose characteristics indicated the precise rank of each officer; a pike and a sword. Officers of the grenadier companies carried a musket instead of a pike.

In the field, pistols of various forms were carried by officers who often carried two of them when dismounted.

Musicians

Drummers usually wore coats similar to those of privates but richly decorated with braids on the sleeves and body (without swallow nests). Braids were usually of the metal colour of the regiment. The shell of the drum was of painted woods and decorated with the regimental arms or the King's double monogram.

Colours

Colonel Colour: white field; the Dannebrog (a white cross pattée) on a red field in the first canton (upper left)

Ordonnance Colour: green field; the Dannebrog (a white cross pattée) on a red field in the first canton (upper left); the centre device consisted of a silver dragons surrounded by a green laurel wreath

Colonel Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf


References

Martinsson, Örjan: Danish Infantry Uniforms 1700-1730 in Tacitus.nu

Snorasson, Torstein and Søren Henriksen: Danish Uniforms 1699-1712, in Chakoten, translated and published by Dan Schorr in 2008

Vaupell, O.F.: Den Danske Haers Historie, Copenhagen 1876, p. 619

Wikipedia – Danish Auxiliary Corps in Anglo-Dutch service 1701–1714

Acknowledgements

Wienand Drenth and Jörg Meier for additional information on this regiment.