Origin and History
The regiment was raised in 1631, during the Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648) by Oesener. A few years later, Oesener was promoted to colonel of a new regiment, his former regiment being taken by Brigadier von Rauchhaupt. In 1632, Rauchhaupt’s regiment took part in the Battle of Lützen; in 1634, in the siege of Minden; in 1638, in an action near Winsen.
In 1664, the regiment was at the Battle of St. Gothard, the passage of the Raab.
In 1665 and 1666, the regiment fought against the Dutch in East Frisia.
In 1671, the regiment was at the capture of Braunschweig.
In October 1679, the two aforementioned regiments (Rauchhaupt’s and Oesener’s) were combined in a single one.
In 1688, at the outbreak of the Nine Years’ War (1688-97), the regiment served on the Rhine. In 1689, it was at the capture of Mainz, Bonn and Kayserswerth. In 1690, it was transferred to the Netherlands but returned home in the autumn. In 1693, it was sent to the Netherlands once more where it took part in the Battle of Landen. It then took part to most operations in Netherlands till the end of the war.
In 1700, the regiment was sent to the Duchy of Holstein to contain the Danes.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive regimental Inhabers were:
- from 1693: Colonel Heinrich von Göden
- from 1701: Colonel von Breidenbach
- from 1705 to 1722: Colonel Anton von Penz (died as major-general)
Service during the War
On 13 August 1704, the regiment took part in the Battle of Blenheim.
On 23 May 1706, the regiment took part in the Battle of Ramillies.
On 11 July 1708, the regiment took part in the Battle of Oudenarde. On July 12, it suffered heavy losses from the French grenadiers while pursuing the enemy cavalry.
On 11 September 1709, the regiment took part in the Battle of Malplaquet where it captured a pair of kettle-drums.
The uniform of the regiment consisted of a white coat with dark green distinctive, a dark green waistcoat and gold metal.
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This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:
- Wissel, Friedrich v. and Georg von Wissel: Geschichte der Errichtung sämmtlicher Chur-Braunschweig-Lüneburgischen Truppen, sammt ihren Fahnen, Standarten und Pauken-Devisen ..., Zelle, 1786, pp. 63-77