Gaetano Cavalry

From Project WSS
Jump to navigationJump to search

Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Gaetano Cavalry

Origin and History

The regiment was already existing in 1693.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • since 1693: François d'Oignies, Baron de Courrières (appointed governor of Courtrai in 1700)
  • from 13 July 1700: Tomasso Gaetano d'Aragona (formerly colonel of a German regiment disbanded in Catalonia in 1699)

The regiment was disbanded in 1710 to complete other cavalry regiments of the Army of Flanders.

Service during the War

In the Spring of 1701, the 2 squadrons of the regiment were stationed in the Spanish Netherlands.

In February 1702, the regiment was stationed in Upper Guelderland as part of a corps under the command of the Comte de Coigny. By 22 April, this corps had been incorporated in the army of the Maréchal de Boufflers stationed in Upper Guelderland. The regiment was attached to Talmont's Brigade in the first line of the cavalry left wing.

In February 1703, the regiment was part of a corps sent to Luxembourg. By 6 June, it was attached to the field army of the Maréchal de Tallard operating on the Rhine. From August to September, the regiment (then counting approx. 190 men) took part in the Siege of Alt-Breisach. On 15 November, it fought in the Combat of Speyerbach where it was deployed in Gaetano's Brigade in the second line of the cavalry left wing.

In 1706, the regiment incorporated some of the troopers of the disbanded Toulongeon Cavalry.

In 1710, the regiment was disbanded to complete other cavalry regiments of the Army of Flanders.

Uniform

no information found yet

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid. They always wore a tricorne notwithstanding the headgear worn by soldiers.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small woolen epaulette (red or of the distinctive colour of the regiment)
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Standards

no information found yet

References

Dragonas Magazine

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article.