Gideon van Coehoorn Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Dutch Army >> Gideon van Coehoorn Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was initially raised on 28 April 1664 for Duco van Hemmema.

On the eve of the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment consisted of one battalion and belonged to the Provinces of Friesland.

Since its creation, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • from 28 April 1664: Duco van Hemmema
  • from 27 October 1667: Gerrit van Amama
  • from 21 February 1678: Allart Polman
  • from 21 February 1679: Frederik Willem Albert Graaf van Limburg-Stirum en Bronkhorst
  • from 24 February 1683: George Albert Graaf van Limburg-Stirum en Bronkhorst
  • from 21 November 1690: Menno Baron van Coehoorn
  • from 10 August 1695: Gozewijn Theodoor Baron van Coehoorn
  • from 28 September 1695: Gideon van Coehoorn aka Coehoorn-le-Jeune
  • from 1 March 1703 to 1730: Johan van Idsinga (promoted to brigadier in 1709)

In 1752, the regiment was incorporated into the "Regiment Infanterie Hobbe Baron van Aylva".

Service during the War

At the end of 1702, the regiment took up its winter-quarters in Flanders.

By the end of May 1703, the regiment was posted at Hulst. By 23 June, it formed part of Sparre's Corps in Western Flanders. On 27 June, it took part in the combat of Stekene. At the end of the year, it took up its winter-quarters in Flanders.

From 7 June to 8 July 1706, the regiment took part in the siege of Ostend. From 23 July to 25 August, it took part in the siege of Menin.

On 11 July 1708, the regiment took part in the Battle of Oudenarde, where it formed part of the vanguard of the right wing. From 12 August to 10 December, it took part in the Siege of Lille.

On 11 September 1709, the regiment fought in the Battle of Malplaquet.

From 6 September to 9 November 1710, the regiment took part in the Siege of Aire-sur-la-Lys.

From 5 August to 12 September 1711, the regiment took part in the Siege of Bouchain.

In May 1712, the regiment formed part of the army of Prince Eugène de Savoie in Flanders.

In 1712 and 1713, the regiment garrisoned Hulst.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform circa 1686 - Copyright: Richard Couture
Uniform Details circa 1686 as per de Wilde and Belaubre
Headgear
Fusilier black felt hat without lace
Grenadier no information found
Neck stock white
Coat grey white with blue lining and with tin buttons from top to bottom on the right side
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 tin buttons
Cuffs blue, each with 3 tin buttons (De Wilde shows grey white cuffs)
Turnbacks none (it seems that the basques of the coat could be turned back if needed but this was a rare practice during this period)
Waistcoat blue with small tin buttons from top to bottom
Breeches grey white
Stockings medium grey
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather, worn above the coat
Cartridge Pouch natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard natural leather
Scabbard natural leather
Footwear leather shoes fastened with a buckle


Armaments consisted of a musket, a bayonet; and a sword.

NCOs

no information found yet

Officers

no information found yet

Musicians

no information found yet

Colours

no information found yet

References

Belaubre, Jean and Dr. de Wilde, Claus-Peter Golberg: Die Vereinigten Niederlande, Kaltenkirchen, 2001

Tessin, Georg: Die Regimenter der europäischen Staaten im Ancién Regime des XVI. bis XVIII. Jahrhunderts. Teil 1. Die Stammlisten, Osnabrück 1986., p. 555

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgement

Phil Carrington for his work on the lineage of Dutch regiments

Mathias Kussmann for the initial version of the article