Gohr Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Hanoverian Army >> Gohr Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was created in 1670 for Colonel Wiedemann when war with Münster seemed likely. It was initially known as the “Graue Regiment” and soon afterwards as the “Grüne Regiment”.

In 1671, the regiment took part in the siege of Braunschweig. In 1673, it was at the camp of Leese, facing Turenne's Army which was posted at Minden. In 1674, it initially campaigned on the Rhine and then fought in the Battle of Einsischeim in Alsace. In 1675, it fought in the engagement of Konzer Brücke on the Sarre near Trier. In 1676, it was at the siege of Maastricht; in 1677, at the siege of Charleroi; in 1678, at the Battle of Saint-Denis. In 1679, it returned to Hanover and marched to the relief of Hamburg, threatened by the Danes.

In 1686, the regiment (10 companies) was sent to Morea to assist the Republic of Venice against the Turks. It campaigned in the region of Argos before taking up its winter-quarters in the island of Zante (present-day Zakynthos). In 1687, it fought in an action near Patras and was at the capture of Corinth and Athens, before returning to Germany.

In 1688, during the Nine Years' War (1688–97), the regiment campaigned on the Rhine. In 1689, it took part in the capture of Mainz. In 1690, it was sent to the Netherlands but returned during the autumn. In 1693, it took part in the Battle of Landen; in 1694, in the capture of Huy, and in 1695, in the capture of Namur.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regimental Chefs were:

  • from 1693: Colonel Johann Georg von Gohr (killed in action at Malplaquet in 1709)
  • from 1709 to 1717: Colonel von Boldewin

Service during the War

In 1705, the regiment was sent to the Netherlands.

In 1706, the regiment took part in the capture of Dendermonde.

In 1708, the regiment formed part of the army covering the long siege of Lille.

On 11 September 1709, the regiment fought in the sanguinary Battle of Malplaquet where it lost its colonel: Lieutenant-General von Gohr. On 20 October, it was at the surrender of Mons.

From 1710 to 1713, the regiment took part in all campaigns, including the sieges of Béthune and Landrecies.


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This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain: