Gombos Hussars

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Austrian Army >> Gombos Hussars

Origin and History

This regiment was raised by Emerich Baron Gombos according to an Imperial decree dated 2 March 1702. Men were enlisted in the Komitates of Borsod and Szabolcs. The regiment received the necessary funds to bring its effective to 10 companies totalling 1,000 men. Recruitment went slowly and the regiment was still incomplete when it marched to join the Army of the Rhine.

The proprietor of the regiment was:

  • since 2 March 1702 to 1706: Emerich Baron Gombos

However, the regiment was under the effective command of:

  • since 2 March 1702: Emerich Baron Gombos (proprietor)
  • from 1705: Colonel-Lieutenant Lipthay

The regiment was disbanded in 1706 and its troopers incorporated in other hussar regiments.

Service during the War

By mid-August 1702, the regiment had joined the army of the Margrave of Baden on the Rhine.

In 1703, the regiment was posted at Landau on the Upper Rhine. A few companies participated in a combat near Neustadt a.d. Haardt and, on 15 November, in the Combat of Speyerbach.

In 1704, the regiment was posted in the Lines of Stollhofen where it took part in several actions of the “Kleiner Krieg”. Later in the year, it participated in the raid on the left bank of the Rhine.

In 1705, the regiment was posted in Palatinate near Hagenau.

In 1706, the regiment was disbanded and its troopers incorporated in other hussar regiments.

Uniform

Regiments were fairly autonomous in the purchasing of woollen cloth, and in its processing and distribution. So there was ample room for the preferences of the Inhaber (owner) of a regiment. Nevertheless, there was uniformity within each regiment. Furthermore, each of them had its own distinctive characteristics like the colour of the cuffs which were fixed by the Inhaber at the creation of the unit and rarely changed afterwards.

Privates

Uniform Details as per Donath
Headgear kolback of black or brown fur with an eagle feather and a crimson bag

Hair were braided in several small braids.

Neck stock white
Pelisse light grey

Note: in summer, the pelisse was worn hanged on the left shoulder

Fur trim white
Lace several rows of black cords
Buttons white
Dolman light grey with several rows of black cords and white buttons
Collar none
Cuffs light grey pointed cuffs edged crimson
Trousers light grey Hungarian style trousers (red as per the Viennese War Archives), lined with a strong ecru fabric (at that time, trousers were not decorated with braids)
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waist-sash white with crimson barrels
Scabbard black with brass fittings
Boots Hungarian style soft brown boots edged with a crimson braid
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth crimson without border
Sabretache crimson sabretache edged white, hanging on the left side of a belt worn across the right shoulder; the sabretache was usually decorated with the cipher of the regiment owner


Troopers were armed with a curved blade sabre and two pistols (no standardized model)

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of the privates and NCOs by the finer material used, and probably by silver cords, silver-plated buttons on the dolman and pelisse and by a silver braid bordering the saddlecloth.

Officers wore a black and yellow silk sash across the chest or around the waist.

NCOs

no information available yet

Musicians

no information available yet

Colours

no information available yet

References

Abtheilung für Kriegsgeschichte des k. k. Kriegs-Archives: Feldzüge des Prinzen Eugen von Savoyen, Series 1

  • Vol. 1, Vienna 1875, pp. 212-213, 221-222, 227
  • Vol. 4, Vienna 1876, p. 52

Donath, Rudolf; Die Kaiserliche und Kaiserlich-Königliche Österreichische Armee 1618-1918, 2. Aufl., Simbach/Inn 1979

Wrede, A. v.: Geschichte der K. und K. Wehrmacht, Vol. III part 1, Vienna 1898–1905

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgements

Harald Skala for the initial version of this article