Grafton (70) from 1679

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Navies >> British Navy >> Grafton (70) from 1679

Origin and History

The ship was originally built by Thomas Shish at Woolwich Dockyard and launched in 1679.

In 1700, the ship was broken up, rebuilt by John and Richard Wells at Rotherhithe and relaunched.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the ship was under the command of:

  • in the British service
    • from 1702: Captain Thomas Harlow
    • from 1703: Captain Andrew Leake
    • from August 1704: Captain John Herne
    • from October 1705 to 2 May 1707: Captain Edward Acton

The ship was captured by the French in 1707.

Service during the War

British Service

In August 1702, the ship was part of the powerful combined fleet assembled for the unsuccessful expedition against Cádiz. On its way home, this fleet captured the largest part of the plate-fleet in the Battle of Vigo Bay.

In July 1704, the ship was at the capture of Gibraltar. On 24 August, she fought in the Battle of Málaga.

On 2 May 1707, the ship took part in the engagement of Beachy Head where she was captured by the French.

French Service

no information found yet

Characteristics

Technical specifications
Guns 70
Lower gundeck 24 x 24-pdrs
Upper gundeck 26 x demi-culverins
Quarterdeck 12 x 6-pdrs
Forecastle 4 x 6-pdrs
Roundhouse 4 x 3-pdrs
Crew 440 men
Length at gundeck 150 ft 8 in (45.94 m)
Width 40 ft 10 in (12.45 m)
Depth 16 ft 8 in (5.08 m)
Displacement 1174 Tons (Builder's Old Measurement)

References

Phillips, M., Michael Phillip's Ships of the Old Navy

Harrison, Simon and Manuel Blasco, Three Decks - Warships in the Age of Sail

Wikipedia

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.