Granada Nuevo Cavalry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Granada Nuevo Cavalry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in Granada on 6 September 1706. It was known as “Granada Nuevo”.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • since 6 September 1706 to 1715: Don Juan Fernando de Guzman y Bazan

The regiment was disbanded on 1 June 1715 and incorporated in La Farina Cavalry (later Malta Cavalry).

Service during the War

On 25 April 1707, the regiment fought in the Battle of Almansa. On 25 May, it took part in the recapture of Játiva.

On 10 January 1708, the regiment was at the siege and capture of Alcoy; in April, at the siege of the Castle of Guadalete; on 12 November, at the siege and surrender of Denia; and soon afterwards, at the capture of Bocairente.

In 1709, the regiment formed part of the garrison of Valencia. It then joined the Army of Catalonia under the command of the Maréchal de Bessons. The regiment was sent to Hoya de Huesca in Aragon to escort provisions and money destined to the army.

On 12 December 1710, the regiment took part in the Combat of Villaviciosa (not mentioned in Clonard's work).

In 1712, the regiment served with the Army of Extremadura. In October, it was at the siege of Campo Maior.

In 1714, the regiment was brigaded with Ordenes Viejo Cavalry and Jaen Cavalry. On 21 January, the regiment arrived at the camp in front of Barcelona and took part in the blockade and siege until the surrender of the place on 11 September.

Uniform

no information found yet

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid. They always wore a tricorne notwithstanding the headgear worn by soldiers.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small woolen epaulette (red or of the distinctive colour of the regiment)
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Standards

no information found yet

References

This article is mostly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. XV, Madrid, 1851-62, p. 8

Other sources

Dragonas Magazine

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article.