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Origin and History
The regiment was created on 21 February 1684 as “Guyenne Infanterie” and given to Charles de La Rochefoucauld, Comte de Blanzac.
In 1691, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment took part in the siege of Mons. In 1692, it served in Germany. In 1693, it was at the siege of Heidelberg. It then remained on the Rhine until 1697.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:
- from21 February 1684: Charles de La Rochefoucauld, Comte de Blanzac
- from 2 April 1702 to 15 March 1718: Eberhard-Ernest Comte d’Harling
Service during the War
In 1702, the regiment formed part of the Army of Germany and fought in the Battle of Friedlingen.
In February and March 1703, the regiment took part in the Siege of Kehl. It then campaigned in Bavaria.
On 13 August 1704, the regiment took part in the Battle of Blenheim.
In 1705, the regiment took part in the defence of Haguenau and distinguished itself in the memorable retreat of the garrison.
In 1706, the regiment campaigned on the Rhine.
In 1707, the regiment formed part of the Army of Flanders.
On 11 July 1708, the regiment fought in the Battle of Oudenarde.
On 11 September 1709, the regiment took part in the Battle of Malplaquet.
From 1709 to 1711, the regiment formed part of the garrison of Ypres.
In 1711, the regiment destroyed the entrenchments of the sluice of Harlebecke.
On 24 July 1712, the regiment fought in the Battle of Denain. In August and September, it took part in the Siege of Douai and in the recapture of Le Quesnoy and Bouchain.
In 1713, the regiment took part in the sieges of Landau and Freiburg.
This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain: Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, p. 211