Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Hainaut Infanterie
Origin and History
The regiment was created on 4 September 1684 as “Hainaut Infanterie.” Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments. The new regiment was given to Nicolas-Simon Arnaud, Marquis de Pomponne.
In 1690, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment served in the Army of the Alps and fought in the Battle of Staffarda. In 1691, it took part in the conquest of the County of Nice and of Savoie. In 1693, the regiment served in Flanders and was at the siege of Charleroi. In 1695, it took part in the defence of Namur. It continued to serve in Flanders until 1697.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:
- from 17 September 1695 to 15 March 1718: Henri-Antoine de Ricouard, Marquis d’Hérouville
Service during the War
In 1702, the regiment was attached to the Army of the Rhine. On 14 October, it took part in the Battle of Friedlingen.
In February and March 1703, the regiment took part in the Siege of Kehl. It was then transferred to the Cévennes where it fought against the Camisards until 1705.
In 1705, the regiment was transferred to the Alps and took part in the capture of Nice.
In 1706, the regiment took part in the siege of Turin.
From 1707 to 1709, the regiment served in Spain.
In 1710, the regiment joined the Army of Flanders.
On 24 July 1712, the regiment fought in the Battle of Denain.
This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain: Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 219-220