Hartmann Cavalry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Hartmann Cavalry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised from a German regiment already existing in 1672.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • since March 1680: Nikolaus Hartmann (probably passed to the service of Emperor Leopold I in 1701)
  • from 1701: Charles de Landas
  • from 1704 to 1712: Charles de Landas, now Comte de Louvignies (promoted to maréchal de camp in 1706, went to Spain in 1707, killed in action in 1712)

The regiment was disbanded in 1706 and its companies incorporated into Cécile Cavalry, Los Rios Cavalry and Frainau Cavalry.

Service during the War

In the Spring of 1701, the 2 squadrons of the regiment were stationed in the Spanish Netherlands. By 20 July, it was garrisoning Luxembourg.

In February 1702, the regiment was stationed in the Upper Guelderland under the Comte de Coigny.

By 4 May 1703, the regiment was attached to the field army of Maréchal de Villeroy and Maréchal de Boufflers, in Furstemberg's Brigade in the second line of the cavalry left wing. By 14 October, the regiment was part of Pracontal's Corps on the Moselle.

In 1706, the regiment was disbanded.

Uniform

no information found yet

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid. They always wore a tricorne notwithstanding the headgear worn by soldiers.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small woolen epaulette (red or of the distinctive colour of the regiment)
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Standards

no information found yet

References

Dragonas Magazine

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article.