Hautefort Dragons

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Hautefort Dragons

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on 13 March 1676 from the Compagnies franches d'Audigeau (two companies of 60 dragoons each), which themselves originated from outlaws under the said Audigeau, who had been rehabilitated.

Audigeau revolted as his new regiment was stationed in the region of the Landes and escaped to Sicily, abandoning his regiment, which was ceded to the Baron d’Asfeld. By 26 April 1678, the new proprietor had reorganised his regiment, which campaigned on the Rhine.

In 1681, the regiment took part in the capture of Strasbourg. In 1684, it was at the Siege of Luxembourg and took up its quarters in the vicinity of Poitiers.

In 1688, at the outbreak of the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment returned to the Rhine. In 1689, it took part in the defence of Bonn.; in 1690, in the Battle of Fleurus; in 1691, in the capture of Mons and in the Combat of Leuze; in 1692, in the siege of Namur and in the Battle of Steenkerque; and in 1693, in the Battle of Landen. In 1694, the regiment returned to France to defend the coasts in the region of Dunkerque. In 1695, it took part in the bombardment of Bruxelles and in the defence of the Castle of Namur. In 1696, it campaigned on the Meuse River. In 1697, it took part in the Siege of Ath.

In 1698, the regiment took part in the camp of Compiègne.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive mestres de camp of the regiment were:

  • from 8 April 1696: Gabriel Chevalier d’Hautefort
  • from 20 March 1709: N. du Mesniel, Comte de Saumery

Service during the War

In 1701, the regiment was initially employed for the occupation of various places in the Spanish Netherlands. In March, it was stationed in Upper Guelderland. At the end of the year, it took up its winter-quarters in Venloo (two squadrons) and Geldern (one squadron).

In April 1702, the regiment was still stationed in Upper Guelderland. On 11 June, it took part in an engagement near Nijmegen. By mid-September, it had been assigned to Tallard’s Corps, which had been detached for an offensive on the Lower Rhine. In December, the regiment took up its winter-quarters in Philippeville, Charlemont and Givet.

On February 1703, the regiment was Luxembourg. In August and September, it was present at the Siege of Alt-Breisach. In October and November, it was at the Siege of Landau.

In 1704, the regiment was employed on the frontier of Dauphiné, where it prevented the Allies from undertaking the siege of Chambéry, and contributed in the capture of Susa, in the submission of the Waldensians and in the capture of Aosta.

In March 1705, the regiment took part in the invasion of the County of Nice. In June and July, it was at the Siege of Chivasso. It then took part in the attack against the Castle of Montmélian and in the unsuccessful attempt against Asti.

In the summer of 1706, the regiment took part in the Siege of Turin. On 7 September, it fought in the Battle of Turin, where it was deployed in the first line. After this disaster, the regiment retreated to France.

In 1707, the regiment was initially sent to the Rhine before being recalled on the frontier of Dauphiné and Provence.

In 1708, the regiment was transferred to the Pyrenees, where, in June and July, it covered the operations of the Siege of Tortosa. In later took part in the defence of Roses.

In 1709, the regiment served on the Rhine.

In 1713, the regiment took part in the capture of Landau and Freiburg.

Uniform

To do

Guidons

Red guidons fringed and embroidered in gold, with the Royal sun and the motto “Nec Pluribus Impar”.

References

Susane, Louis: Histoire de la cavalerie française, Vol. 3, J. Hetzel et Cie, Paris, 1874, pp. 82-89

Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, pp. 434-435

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.