Hessian Grenadier-Regiment

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Hesse-Kassel Army >> Hessian Grenadier-Regiment

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in 1697 from six regimental grenadier companies and designated as Grenadierbataillon.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment had no Chef.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive effective commanders of the regiment were:

  • from 1701: Major-General Albrecht von Tettau (killed in action in 1703)
  • from 1703 to 1714: Colonel de La Roche

In 1789, the regiment was amalgamated with Infanterie Regiment Nr. 14.

Service during the War

At the beginning of the war, in 1702, the regiment was renamed Grenadierregiment. It then consisted of 10 companies organised in 2 battalions. In June, one of its battalion joined the corps which had undertaken the Siege of Kaiserswerth. The place capitulated on 15 June. By 7 July, one of its battalion formed part of the Allied Army encamped at Nijmegen. By the end of the year, it numbered 846 men,

By March 1703, the regiment numbered 830 men. On 15 November, it fought at the Battle of Speyerbach where it suffered heavy casualties, losing all its officers.

By mid-February 1704, the regiment formed part of the army of the Prince of Hesse, posted on the Rhine. On 2 July, one battalion of the regiment took part in the Battle of Schellenberg, where it formed part of the Reserve in Wilken’s Brigade. On 13 August, one battalion of the regiment fought in the Battle of Blenheim, where it was deployed in the second line of the extreme left wing.

On 8 September 1706, the regiment took part in the Battle of Castiglione.

On 11 September 1709, the regiment fought in the Battle of Malplaquet.

Uniform

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Colours

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References

Böhm, Uwe Peter: Hessisches Militär: Die Truppen der Landgrafschaft Hessen-Kassel 1672-1806, Herausgegeben im Auftrag der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Heereskunde e.V., Beckum 1986

Witzel, Rudolf: Hessen Kassels Regimenter in der Allierten Armee 1762, bearb. u. hrsg. von Ingo Kroll, Norderstedt 2007, pp. 97-99

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.