Hessian Leibregiment zu Pferde

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Hesse-Kassel Army >> Hessian Leibregiment zu Pferde

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in 1684 as the Leibregiment zu Pferd from independent companies (Urff, Baumbach). In 1684, it counted six companies. In 1689, it had a theoretical strength of 600 men.

In 1700, on the eve of the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment had only four companies.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regimental Chef was:

  • from 1683 to 1730: Landgrave Karl von Hessen-Kassel

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive commanders of the regiment were:

  • from 1684: Colonel von Kerssenbruch
  • from 1703: Colonel Koch von Herrenhausen
  • from 1706 to 1720: Colonel R. von Hanstein

In 1760, the regiment was renamed "Gens d'armes"; in 1813, "Leibkürrasiere-Regiment". The regiment was disbanded in 1819.

Service during the War

In 1702, the regiment was increased to six companies. In December 1702, it took up its winter-quarters in the Low Countries.

On 15 November 1703, the regiment took part in the Combat of Speyerbach, where it was deployed in the first line of the right wing. At the beginning of December, the regiment was posted in Bonn and in the Lines of Posterings.

By mid-February 1704, the regiment formed part of the army of the Prince of Hessen which was posted on the Rhine. On 2 July, the regiment was present at the Battle of Schellenberg, where it formed part of the left wing in Auroch's Brigade. On 13 August, the regiment took part in the Battle of Blenheim, where it was deployed in the third line of the centre in Hesse-Homberg's Brigade.

On 8 September 1706, the regiment took part in the Battle of Castiglione.

In August 1707, the regiment was probably present at the unsuccessful siege of Toulon. In November, the Hessian Contingent returned to Germany.

In 1708, the regiment was organised in two squadrons. On 11 July, it took part in the Battle of Oudenarde

On 11 September 1709, the regiment took part in the Battle of Malplaquet.

In June and July 1712, the regiment was present at the siege and capture of Le Quesnoy.

Uniform

To do

Standards

To do

References

Böhm, Uwe Peter: Hessisches Militär: Die Truppen der Landgrafschaft Hessen-Kassel 1672-1806, Herausgegeben im Auftrag der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Heereskunde e.V., Beckum 1986

Witzel, Rudolf: Hessen Kassels Regimenter in der Allierten Armee 1762, bearb. u. hrsg. von Ingo Kroll, Norderstedt 2007, pp. 176-178

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.