Horse Grenadier Guards

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> British Army >> Horse Grenadier Guards

Origin and History

In 1678, a division of “Mounted Granadeers” was added to each of the three Life Guards companies garrisoned in London. A Horse Grenadiers received only half the pay of a Life Guard. Their uniform and fighting methods were those of dragoons with the addition of the grenade.

In 1680, the Horse Grenadiers were disbanded but soon reestablished in 1683 as three divisions, each one attached to a troop of English Life Guards. From 1687, these divisions were commonly designated as the “1st Troop of Grenadiers”.

On July 11 1690, during the Williamite War in Ireland (1689-91), the Horse Grenadiers grouped in a single squadron took part in the Battle of the Boyne, near Drogheda.

In 1691, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the Horse Grenadier Guards were sent to the Dutch Republic. On August 3 1692, they took part in the Battle of Steenkerque where they dismounted and charged on foot with signal gallantry. They later covered the retreat of the Allies. In 1693, they took part in the Battle of Landen. In October of the same year, the Horse Grenadier Guards attached to the three English troops of Life Guards were embodied into one troop and renamed the “Horse Grenadier Guards”, amalgamating the former 1st, 2nd and 3rd divisions. In 1697, the entire corps of Life Guards returned to England.

In 1709, this troop of Horse Grenadier Guards was renamed the “1st Troop of Horse Grenadier Guards”.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the troop was under the command of:

  • from 4 October 1693 to 2 February 1715: Hon. George Cholmondeley

Service during the War

The Life Guards did not served abroad in the campaigns of that war, nor were they employed on any of the expedition during the war.

On 15 March 1708, a squadron of Horse Grenadier Guards set off for Scotland to oppose the invasion of the Pretender but the alarm of foreign invasion having subsided, the squadron returned to London.

Uniform

To do

Standards and Guidons

To do

References

This article incorporates texts of the following source:

  • Cannon, Richard: Historical Record of the Life Guards, London: Longman, Orme, and Co, 1840

Other sources

Funcken, Liliane and Fred, Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Lawson, Cecil C. P., A History of the Uniforms of the British Army - from the Beginnings to 1760, vol. II

Mills, T. F., Land Forces of Britain the Empire and Commonwealth (an excellent website which unfortunately does not seem to be online any more)

Wikipedia

  • Horse Grenadier Guards