Isle de France Infanterie
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Origin and History
The regiment was created on 20 September 1684 and took the name of the Province of Isle de France. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from 1 to 30 September for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments. The regiment was given to Antoine-Louis de Paillardan de Gondrin, Marquis d’Antin.
In 1688, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment took part in the conquest of Palatinate; in 1690, in the Battle of Fleurus; and in 1691, in the siege of Mons. In 1692, it garrisoned Saint-Ghislain. In 1693, it served on the coasts of Normandie before being transferred to Italy where it fought in the Battle of Marsaglia. In 1695, it was allocated to the Army of Catalonia. In 1697, it took part in the siege of Barcelona.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:
- from 15 December 1698: Charles-Guillaume, Marquis de Broglie
- from 29 March 1710 to 15 February 1716: N. de Buraulure
Service during the War
In 1701, the regiment was allocated to the Army of Italy.
On 15 August 1702, the regiment took part in the Battle of Luzzara.
In 1703, the regiment took part in the expedition in South Tyrol.
In 1704, the regiment took part in the sieges of Vercelli, Ivrea and Verrua.
In 1705, the regiment took part in the siege of Chivasso. On 16 August, it fought in the Battle of Cassano. It then participated in the siege of Soncino.
On 19 April 1706, the regiment fought in the Battle of Calcinato. From May, it took part in the siege of Turin.
In 1707, the regiment took part in the defence of Toulon.
In 1708, the regiment was at the attack of Sésanne.
From 1709 to 1713, the regiment served in the Alps
This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:
- Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 235-236