Jaen Cavalry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Jaen Cavalry

Origin and History

The regiment was initially raised in December 1705 as a militia unit under the name of “Tercio de caballeria de milicianas de Orihuela”. On 27 November 1706, it was transformed into a regular cavalry regiment of 6 companies under the name of “Jaen Cavalry”.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • since 1706: Gonzalo Pacheco y Padilla
  • from 26 February 1707: Diego de Contreras y Torres
  • from 1 November 1710 to 1715: Agustín Venero

The regiment was disbanded in 1715.

Service during the War

In 1706, this militia unit took part in the defence of Alicante. On 4 September, when the place surrendered, it was transported to Cádiz. From there, it went to Lorca where, on 27 November, it became “Jaen Cavalry”.

On 12 December 1710, the regiment took part in the Combat of Villaviciosa.

Uniform

no information found yet

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid. They always wore a tricorne notwithstanding the headgear worn by soldiers.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small woolen epaulette (red or of the distinctive colour of the regiment)
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Standards

no information found yet

References

Caballipedia - Regimiento de Caballería Jaén

Dragonas Magazine

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article.