Károlyi, Sándor

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Personalities >> Károlyi, Sándor

Károlyi, Sándor (Alexander)

Hungarian general (1704-1711), Imperial Feldmarshall Lieutenant (1712-1723), Imperial General of Cavalry ( 1723-1741), and Imperial Field-Marshal (1741-1743)

born 2 July 1669, Olcsvaapáti, Royal Hungary

died 8 September 1743, Erdőd, Royal Hungary

Description

Sándor Károlyi – Source: C. Pizzighelli "Geschichte des k. u. k Husaren-Regiments Wilhelm II Nr. 6" Rzeszów 1897

Sándor was the son of Baron Lászlo (Ladislaus) Károlyi , governor of the Komitat (county) of Szatmár.

In 1697, Sándor Károlyi, as commander of the Szatmár Banderium, was successfull against Tokay's rebels.

In 1703, in the early days of Rákoczy's Uprising, Sándor Károlyi fought the rebels at Dolha. Despite this victory, Károlyi fell into disgrace in Vienna. After his return to Hungary, he joined Rákoczy's rebels and was appointed as one of their commanders. He was not as violent as Bercsényi and tried to arrive at a peace settlement as soon as possible.

On 20 March 1704, Field Marshal Heister's Imperial Corps (2,000 foot, 2,400 horse and 17 guns) surprised Károlyi (approx. 10,000 rebels) at Kis-Márton (present-day Eisenstadt/AT). Heister defeated the rebels who lost 2,000 men and 200 wagons. However, Károlyi with 4,000 horse managed to escape behind the Raab River. At the end of October, Károlyi along with Nikolaus Bercsényi, a French secretary and a representative of Bavaria vainly tried to negotiate an armistice with the Imperialists.

At the beginning of 1705, Károlyi conducted a raid in Austria, reaching the suburbs of Vienna.

In 1708, Károlyi with his 16,000 men could not hold his ground in Transylvania against the Imperial troops commanded by GFWM Georg von Kriechbaum and was forced to retreat.

On 10 August 1709, Károlyi (8,000 men in 6 infantry regiments and 11 cavalry regiments) lost the Battle of Királyhágo.

In 1711, Sándor Károlyi was instrumental in the signature of the Treaty of Szatmár on 29 April.

On 27 January 1712, Emperor Charles VI promoted Sándor Károlyi to Feldmarshall Lieutenant. On 5 April of the same year, Károly became count.

In 1723, Count Károlyi was appointed councillor and general of cavalry (G.d.C) .

In 1734, Count Károlyi raised a new hussar regiment at his own expense.

In 1741, Count Károlyi commanded the Hungarian Insurektion troops, raised to assist Empress Maria Theresa, and was promoted field-marshal.

On 17 June 1687, Sándor Károlyi married Christine Countess Barkóczy.

Count Károlyi died on 8 September 1743. His son Franz (Ferencz) followed him as proprietor of his hussar regiment and, as his father, reached the rank of general of cavalry.

References

N.B.: the texts on the period extending from 1701 to 1709 are mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgement

Harald Skala for the initial version of this article