Karl von Hessen-Kassel Infantry
Origin and History
The regiment was raised in 1684 as the von Hanstein Regiment of Foot. It consisted on ten companies (two of them contributed by the Prinz Philipp zu Hessen Regiment of Foot), for a total of 877 men. It was soon increased to 1,003 men. By 1689, it numbered 800 men.
In 1690, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment was sent to the Reichsarmee as the contribution of the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel to the contingent of the Upper Rhine District. In 1692, the regiment had eight companies. After the war, in 1698, it was reduced to three companies.
In 1702, the regiment was increased to ten companies in two battalions.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive Chefs of the regiment were:
- from 1701: Prince Karl von Hessen-Kassel (died in 1702)
- from 1703: Prince Leopold von Hessen-Kassel (died in 1704)
- from 1705: Prince Ludwig von Hessen-Kassel (killed in action at the Battle of Ramillies in May 1706)
- from 1706 to 1753: Prince Maximilian von Hessen-Kassel
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive effective commanders of the regiment were:
- from 1697: Colonel Magnus Blixencron
- from 1703: Colonel Wilhelm von der Malsburg
- from 1712 to 1714: Lieutenant-Colonel F. von Oeppen
In 1789, the regiment was amalgamated with the Infanterieregiment Nr. 4.
Service during the War
By July 1702, one battalion of the regiment was encamped near Nijmegen. By December, this battalion was posted in Huy. By 21 December, the two battalions of the regiment were quartered in Liège. The same year, it was augmented to 10 companies organised in two battalions.
By mid-February 1704, one battalion of the regiment was posted on the Rhine in the Allied Corps of the Prince of Hesse.
To do: add details for the campaigns from 1705 to 1713
Böhm, Uwe Peter: Hessisches Militär: Die Truppen der Landgrafschaft Hessen-Kassel 1672-1806, Herausgegeben im Auftrag der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Heereskunde e.V., Beckum 1986
Witzel, Rudolf: Hessen Kassels Regimenter in der Allierten Armee 1762, bearb. u. hrsg. von Ingo Kroll, Norderstedt 2007, pp. 87-90
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.