Kronprinzen Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> Kronprinzen Infantry

Origin and History

Grenadiers of the Leib-Bataillon of the Kronprinzen Regiment in 1713. - Source: Richard Knötel Uniformkunde

In 1675, during the Swedish invasion of Brandenburg, the Electorate of Mark raised a regiment of two battalions for Hereditary Prince Frederick. Upon his accession to the electoral throne as Frederick I, the regiment became the Königs Regiment (King's Regiment).

In 1677, the regiment took part in the campaign in Pomerania.

In 1686, as part of the Holy League's army, the regiment took part in the reconquest of Ofen (present-day Buda) in Hungary.

During the Nine Years' War, the regiment was at the actions of Kaiserwerth and Bonn (1689), Leuze (1691), Steenkerken (1691), Namur (1695), Gent (1696) and Oudenarde (1697).

In 1702, the regiment contributed two companies to the new regiment Markgraf Albrecht Infantry. In 1703, two new companies were raised to replace them. In 1704, it received a third battalion; and in 1710, a fourth (the famous "Red Bataillon" aka "Die langen Kerls").

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regimental Chefs were:

  • from 10 May 1688: Friedrich Wilhelm Heir-Elector of Brandenburg (the regiment was then known as “Kurprinz Infanterie”)
  • from 18 January 1701 to 23 February 1713: Friedrich Wilhelm Crown Prince in Prussia (the regiment was then known as “Kronprinzen Regiment”)

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the effective commanders were:

  • from 1689: Albert Conrad Fink von Finkenstein
  • from 1711: Friedrich Wilhelm Crown Prince in Prussia

In 1713, when Friedrich Wilhelm became king of Prussia, the regiment was initially stationed in Potsdam.

Service during the War

In 1704, the regiment took part in the siege of Geldern and in the Battle of Blenheim.

From 1706 to 1712, the regiment was involved in various battles and sieges: Menin, Oudenarde, Ghent, Malpaquet, Tournai, Mons, Bethune, Douai, Landrecy and Meurs.

In 1710, the Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm I raised the famous "Red Bataillon" or "Die langen Kerls".

In 1711, the Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm I took over command himself. The regiment was used for intensive tactical training and implementation of new concepts.


From 1700, each Prussian unit started to wear a distinguishing uniform. A regulation was issued in 1709 to standardize the uniform and equipment.


Uniform Details in 1713 as per Knötel
Musketeer a broad hat with turn up
from 1709: a tricorne
Grenadier mitre cap with a red front plate, a red headband piped yellow ornamented with yellow flames and a yellow grenade, a blue back piped yellow, a yellow pompom
Neck stock white
Coat blue with 1 yellow button on each side in the small of the back
Collar red
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels long narrow red lapels extending all along the front with yellow buttons
Pockets no information found yet
Cuffs red with two yellow buttons
Turnbacks red fastened with a small yellow buttons
Waistcoat red
Breeches red
Stockings red
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Cross belt natural leather
Waist belt a yellow deer or buffalo leather waist-belt worn above the waistcoat
Cartridge Pouch black cartridge box attached to the waist-belt and containing cartridges for the musket.

Grenadiers also carried a cartridge pouch containing grenades and a pewter tube that held the match for lighting the fuse of grenades.

Bayonet Scabbard black leather
Scabbard brown
Footwear low black shoes

Armaments consisted of a musket, a bayonet and a sabre. Grenadiers were also armed with hand grenades.


To do


Uniforms of officers were always of finer cloth, better cut and better embroideries than those of the privates.

Officers carried a spontoon, an epee and a black and silver sash. From 1709, they also had a black and silver porte-epee and a gorget.


To do


Tentative Reconstruction
Leibfahne circa 1696 - Copyright: Kronoskaf
Regimentsfahne circa 1706 - Copyright: Kronoskaf
Regimentsfahne circa 1708 - Copyright: Kronoskaf


Fahnen und Standarten der brandenburgisch preussischen Armee, 1623-1713; Redlin, Reinhold, compiler & publisher 1975

Les Triomphes de Louis XIV, a collection of five books now kept at the Cabinet des Estampes of the Bibliothèque Nationale de Paris

Hohrath, Daniel: The Uniforms of the Prussian Army under Frederick the Great from 1740 to 1786; Vol. 2; Verlag Militaria, Vienna: 2011, p. 42

Merta, Klaus-Peter: Das Heerwesen in Brandenburg und Preußen von 1640 bis 1806, Bd. 2, die Uniformierung, Berlin 1991

Seyfart, F.: Kurzgefassete Geschichte aller königlichen preussischen Regimented, welche bis in dem September 1760 fortgesetzet, Nuremberg, 1760, pp. 9-10