La Châtre Infanterie

From Project WSS
Jump to navigationJump to search

Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> La Châtre Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on 1 February 1647 from the guards of the Maréchal de Gassion who were garrisoning Courtrai. The same year, it took part in several small engagements in the surroundings of Courtrai. The same year, after the death of the Machéchal de Gassion during the siege of Lens, the regiment was given to the Comte de Palluau who, on 20 October, incorporated his own regiment into it. In 1648, the regiment took part in the defence of Courtrai and in the siege of Ypres where it assumed garrison duty after its capture.

In 1650, during the troubles of the Fronde (1648-1653), the regiment accompanied the court in Normandy and Burgundy where it took part in the siege of Bellegarde and in the Battle of Rhétel. In 1651, it participated in the siege of Chasté and in the siege of Montrond in Berry; in 1653, in the siege of Mouzon.

In 1654, the regiment took part in the attack of the Lines of Arras; and in 1655, in the siege where it then assumed garrison duties until 1657. In 1657, it participated in the siege of Cambrai, in the defence of Ardres and in the sieges of Dunkerque and Gravelines where it remained as garrison.

In 1662, when Dunkerque was restored to France by the English, the regiment contributed three companies for its occupation. In 1666, the regiment took part in the training camp at Monchy near Compiègne.

In 1668, during the War of Devolution (1667–68), the regiment took part in the campaign of Flanders and remained in garrison at Oudenaarde.

In 1671, the regiment was at the camp assembled under the walls of Dunkerque. When this camp was lifted, the regiment along with three others remained in Dunkerque.

In 1672, at the outbreak of the Franco-Dutch War (1672–78), the regiment campaigned in Holland and took part in the expedition against Bodegrave and Swammerdam. During the following years, it assumed garrison duties in Holland and on the Lower-Meuse. In 1676, it campaigned in Germany. In 1677, it took part in the sieges of Valenciennes, Cambrai and Saint-Omer, in the combat of Cassel; in 1678, in the sieges of Ypres and Mons; in 1679, in the combat of Minden and in the capture of Bergen.

From 1680 to 1684, the regiment was in garrison at Saarbrücken.

In 1684, the regiment took part in the siege of Luxembourg. After the capture of the place, it returned to Saarbrücken.

In 1688, at the beginning of the Nine Years' War (1688–97), the regiment took part in the capture of Philisbourg, Mannheim and Franckenthal; in 1689, in the storming of Kockheim; in 1690, in the Battle of Fleurus; in 1693, in the bombardment of Bruxelles. It then remained in this region until the end of the war.

In 1698, the regiment took part in the training camp of Coudun near Compiégne.

By the time of the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment counted a single battalion.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:

  • from 17 May 1684: Louis-Charles-Edme, Marquis de La Châtre
  • from 29 Janvier 1702: N. de Crussol d'Uzès, Comte de Saint- Sulpice
  • from June 1702: Philippe-Emmanuel de Crussol d'Uzès, Marquis de Saint- Sulpice
  • from 4 March 1708: N., Comte de Lannoy
  • from 16 April 1712 to 10 March 1734: Jean Maignart de Bernières, de Louvignies

Service during the War

In 1701, at the beginning of the war, the regiment was increased to two battalions and sent to join the Army of Observation in Flanders, placed under the command of the Maréchal de Boufflers. By mid-February, the two battalions occupied Namur. By March, one battalion was stationed in Upper-Guelderland. By October, the two battalions were in Upper-Guelderland. They took their winter-quarters in Wachtendoenck and Kempen.

On 27 April 1702, now known as “Saint-Sulpice Infanterie”, the regiment managed to enter into Kaiserwerth, which had been invested by the Allies. The memorable defence of this place is one of the greatest feat of arms of this regiment. On 21 May, Colonel Saint-Sulpice made a vigorous sortie, dismantling the siege works. On 9 June, the regiment stubbornly defended the outer works, forcing the attackers to retire after a combat of two hours. The brave Colonel Saint-Sulpice and 200 of his men were killed in this action. On 15 June, the decimated garrison finally capitulated and was authorised to retire to Venlo. Soon afterwards, the remnants of the regiment joined the army of the Duc de Bourgogne. By 10 September, the regiment, then counting only 624 men, was with Boufflers's Army at the camp of Beringen near Limbourg in the Low Countries. It took its winter-quarters in Charlemont and Givet.

In 1703, the regiment continued to serve in the Low Countries under the Maréchal de Villeroy. In mid-October, the regiment was thrown into Namur to defend the place.

In 1704, the regiment began the campaign on the Rhine but in July, it was recalled to the Low Countries. In August, it joined the army of the Marquis de Bedmar near Namur. The setback of the Army of Bavaria forced the Army of Flanders to remain on the defensive. The regiment was charged to guard Menin.

In 1706, the two battalions of the regiment (some 900 men) were defend Menin which was besieged by the Allies.

In 1707 and 1708, the regiment assumed garrison duties in the Low Countries.

On 4 July 1709, the regiment, now known as “Lannoy Infanterie”, contributed with Navarre Infanterie to the capture of Warneton. On 11 September, it fought in the sanguinary Battle of Malplaquet. It then retired to Valenciennes where it assumed garrison duties.

On 10 July 1712, the regiment, now known as “Louvignies Infanterie”, made a successful sortie against an Allied party which had occupied the village of Beuvrage, at the gates of Valenciennes. During this engagement, the regiment lost the captain of grenadiers Millon. At the end of July, the regiment set off from Valenciennes to join Villars's Army. It then took part in the capture of Douai, Le Quesnoy and Bouchain.

In 1713, the regiment took part in the sieges of Landau and Freiburg. After the Peace of Rastatt, it was reduced to a single battalion.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1710 – Copyright Kronoskaf
Uniform Details as per
Lemau de la Jaisse, Susane, Rousselot, Marbot, Lienhart & Humbert, Funcken
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced silver with a white or black cockade
Grenadier black tricorne laced silver with a white or black cockade
Neck stock white
Coat grey-white with grey-white lining; pewter buttons on the right side and 1 pewter button on each side in the small of the back
Collar none
Shoulder Straps grey-white fastened with a pewter button (left shoulder only)
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 pewter buttons
Cuffs red, each with 3 pewter buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat red edged white with pewter buttons and white brandebourgs
Breeches red (white as per Lienhart & Humbert)
Stockings red fastened under the knee with a natural leather strap
Gaiters none at the beginning of the war, white later
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather (often whitened with pipe-clay) with a brass buckle
Waistbelt natural leather (often whitened with pipe-clay) with a brass buckle
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard n/a
Scabbard black with white metal fittings
Footwear black shoes with a brass buckle


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

NCOs

n/a

Officers

n/a

Musicians

no information found yet

Colours

Colonel Colour: white field with a white cross.

Ordonnance Colour: a white cross; yellow and green opposed cantons.

Colonel Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 5, pp. 291-300, 311

Other sources

Funcken, Liliane and Fred: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle, p. 55

Lemau de la Jaisse, P.: Abregé de la Carte Générale du Militaire de France, Paris, 1734, p. 111

Lienhart, Constant; Humbert, René: Les Uniformes de l'Armée Française de 1690 à 1894, Vol. III, Leipzig 1899 – 1902

Marbot, Alfred de and E. Dunoyer de Noirmont: ‎Les uniformes de l'armée française, T1 "1439 à 1789"‎

Rousselot, Lucien: Infanterie française (1720-1736) (II)

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.