La Marck Infanterie
Origin and History
The regiment was created as “Konigsmark Infanterie” on 10 August 1680 from four independent companies of the Rhine and 12 companies from the disbanded “Furstenberg Infanterie”.
In 1684, the regiment was sent back to Catalonia where it distinguished itself at the crossing of the Ter. It then took part in the siege and storming of Girona and in the investment of Cap de Quiers.
In 1690, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment, now known as “Surbeck” campaigned in Roussillon and took part in the blockade of Girona. It was then transferred to Italy where it took part in the capture of Susa. In 1691, it participated in the capture of Villefranche and its castle, Montalban, Sant'Ospizio, Nice, Veillane, Carmagnola and of the castle of Montalban. From 1693, it became known as “La Marck Infanterie” and fought in the Battle of Marsaglia. In 1694, it served once more in the Alps. In 1696, it was at the siege of Valencia. In 1697, it was transferred to the Army of the Meuse.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:
- from 1 December 1697 to 29 April 1727: Louis-Pierre Engilbert, Comte de La Marck
Service during the War
In 1701, the regiment was attached to the Army of Flanders.
On 11 June 1702, the regiment took part in the combat of Nijmegen.
In 1703, the regiment was transferred to the Rhine where it served under the Duc de Bourgogne. In August and September, it was at the Siege of Alt-Breisach; and, from October to November, at the Siege of Landau
In 1704, the regiment returned to the Spanish Netherlands.
On 18 July 1705, along with Alsace Infanterie, the regiment defended the Lines of Flanders.
On 23 May 1706, the regiment took part in the Battle of Ramillies.
On 11 July 1708, the regiment took part in the Battle of Oudenarde. During the siege of Lille, it remained with the Marquis d'Hautefort at the camp of Melder.
On 11 September 1709, the regiment took part in the Battle of Malplaquet where it was brigaded with Bourbonnais Infanterie.
In 1711, the regiment took part in the attack upon Arleux.
In 1712, the regiment took part in the recapture of Douai, Le Quesnoy and Bouchain.
In 1713, the regiment served on the Rhine, taking part in the sieges of Landau and Freiburg.
This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:
- Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 7, pp. 66-68