Lautrec Dragons

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Lautrec Dragons

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on 5 February 1675 from some Compagnies Franches and Compagnies Liégeoises for the Marquis de La Bretesche.

From 1675 to 1678, during the Franco-Dutch War (1672-78), the regiment was employed in the petite guerre on the banks of the Sarre and Meuse.

From 1679 to 1682, the regiment was at the camp of the Sarre. In 1683, it was at the camp of the Saône. In 1684, it covered the siege of Luxembourg. From 1685 to 1687, it was at the camp of the Saône.

In 1688, at the beginning of the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment served in front of Luxembourg. In 1689, as part of the Army of Flanders, it fought in the Battle of Walcourt. In 1690 and 1691, it served in Germany. In 1692, it returned to Flanders where it contributed to the capture of Namur and fought in the Battle of Steenkerque. In 1695, it took part in the defence of Namur.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive mestres de camp of the regiment were:

  • from 8 April 1696: N. de Foix, Comte de Lautrec
  • from 8 March 1705 to 1720: N. de Foix d’Ambres, Chevalier de Lautrec

Service during the War

In 1701, at the beginning of the war, the regiment was initially posted in Germany. In July, it was selected to form part of the units transferred to Italy. By mid-August it was at the camp of Vaprio. On 1 September, it was present at the Battle of Chiari.

In March 1702, the regiment was part of Vendôme’s Army in Northern Italy. On 26 July, it fought in the Combat of Santa Vittoria. On 15 August, it took part in the Battle of Luzzara.

In May 1703, the regiment formed part of the field army in Northern Italy. By the end of October 1703, the regiment was at the camp of San Benedetto.

In 1704, the regiment took part in the Campaign in Piedmont. By 18 January, it was at Sezze. By mid-February, it was posted at Zeme. In May, it distinguished itself in an engagement near Balzola.

In February 1705, the regiment forded the Po River and attacked an Imperial cavalry regiment, capturing two pairs of kettle-drums. Its mestre de camp was killed during the action, and was succeeded by his brother. On 16 August, the regiment took part in the Battle of Cassano.

On 16 May 1706, the regiment occupied Tornova at the mouth of the Adige. On 7 September, it was present at the disastrous Battle of Turin (also reported at the 1706-09-08 – Battle of Castiglione the following day, it could hardly have been present at both battles). After the evacuation of Italy, it was sent to the Rhine.

In May 1707, the regiment took part in the attack of the Lines of Stollhofen. On 6 August, the regiment was instructed to march to the support of Provence.

On 26 August 1709, the regiment fought in the Combat of Rumersheim, where it was deployed on the right wing under the Maréchal de Camp d'Anlézy.

In 1712, the regiment occupied Sarrelouis and Sierck.

In 1713, the regiment was present at the sieges of Landau and Freiburg.

Uniform

no information found

Guidons

In 1705, after the engagement near Montechiaro, the regiment received new guidons at the colours of the House of Foix-Lautrec with a scene depicting a river falling from a rock with the motto “NUNQUAM RETRO”.

References

Susane, Louis: Histoire de la cavalerie française, Vol. 1, Paris: Hetzel, 1874, pp. 345-351

Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 433-434

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.