Leibgarde im Herzogtum Magdeburg

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> Leibgarde im Herzogtum Magdeburg

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in 1655 by Colonel Jonas Casimir Baron zu Eulenburg. In 1667, Fürst Boguslaw Radziwill took over command. After his death, Electoral Prince Karl Emil led the regiment against France till his death in Strasbourg in 1674. In 1677, Colonel Hans Adam von Schöning merged the regiment with Infantry Regiment No. 1 after the capture of Stettin. In 1685, it took part in the campaign against Sweden and Poland. In 1686, it fought under Schöning's command in Hungary. In 1689, it campaigned on the Rhine. In 1690, Schöning was dishonourably discharged by the “Great Kurfürst”.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regimental Chefs were:

  • from 7 December 1674: Hans Adam von Schöning
  • from 28 February 1707 to 21 September 1731: Georg Abraham von Arnim

From 1713, the regiment lost the privilege of being part of the Guards and became known by the name of its long standing Chef Lieutenant-General Georg Abraham von Arnim.

Service during the War

In 1705, the regiment took part in the campaigns in Italy, as part of the Prussian Contingent led by the “Old Dessauer”.

In 1707, the regiment became independent again as the Leibregiment.

In 1708, the regiment campaigned in Dauphiné.

In 1709, the regiment campaigned in Flanders.

Uniforms

From 1700, each Prussian unit started to wear a distinguishing uniform. A regulation was issued in 1709 to standardize the uniform and equipment.

Privates

Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer a broad hat with turn up
from 1709: a tricorne
Grenadier mitre cap
Neck stock no information found yet
Coat blue
Collar straw
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels straw
Pockets no information found yet
Cuffs straw
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat in 1700 = straw
in 1709 = white or yellow
Breeches in 1700 = straw
in 1709 = white or yellow (same colour as the waistcoat)
Stockings in 1700 = straw
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Cross belt no information found yet
Waist belt no information found yet
Cartridge Pouch no information found yet
Bayonet Scabbard no information found yet
Scabbard none
Footwear low shoes


NCOs

To do

Officers

Uniforms of officers were always of finer cloth, better cut and better embroideries than those of the privates.

Officers carried a spontoon, an epee and a black and silver sash. From 1709, they also had a black and silver porte-epee and a gorget.

Musicians

To do

Colours

Tentative Reconstruction
Leibfahne of Schöning Infantry circa 1701 - Copyright: Kronoskaf

References

Fahnen und Standarten der brandenburgisch preussischen Armee, 1623-1713; Redlin, Reinhold, compiler & publisher 1975

Les Triomphes de Louis XIV, a collection of five books now kept at the Cabinet des Estampes of the Bibliothèque Nationale de Paris

Hohrath, Daniel: The Uniforms of the Prussian Army under Frederick the Great from 1740 to 1786; Vol. 2; Verlag Militaria, Vienna: 2011, p. 38

Seyfart, F.: Kurzgefassete Geschichte aller königlichen preussischen Regimented, welche bis in dem September 1760 fortgesetzet, Nuremberg, 1760, pp. 7-8

Wikipedia