Lenox (70)

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Navies >> British Navy >> Lenox (70)

Origin and History

The ship was initially built by John Shish at Deptford Dockyard and launched in April 1678.

From 1699, she was rebuilt by Edward Popely at Deptford Dockyard and relaunched in February 1701.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the ship was under the command of:

  • from 1702: Captain William Jumper
  • from 1708 to 1710: Captain Richard Culliford
  • in 1712: Captain John Bennet

The ship underwent a second rebuild at Chatham Dockyard from 2 May 1721 to 19 September 1713. In 1756, she was finally sunk as a breakwater.

Service during the War

In August 1702, the ship was part of the powerful combined fleet assembled for the unsuccessful expedition against Cádiz. On its way home, this fleet captured the largest part of the plate-fleet in the Battle of Vigo Bay.

In 1703, the ship served in the Mediterranean.

In July 1704, the ship took part in the capture of Gibraltar. On 24 August, she fought in the Battle of Málaga.

In 1707, the ship served in the Mediterranean. On 2 November, on her way home with the fleet of Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell, she managed to avoid the rocks off the Isles of Scilly and to reach Portsmouth with little damage.

In 1708, the ship served in the Channel and North Sea. In July, she was on the Irish station. In October, she was sent to Lisbon.

In 1709, the ship served in the Mediterranean.

In 1710, the ship underwent a survey at Chatham.

In 1712, the ship sailed for St. Helena and the Cape.

Characteristics

These are the characteristics after the rebuild of 1701.

Technical specifications
Guns 70
Lower gundeck 24 x 24-pdrs
Upper gundeck 26 x 9-pdrs
Quarterdeck 12 x 6-pdrs
Forecastle 4 x 6-pdrs
Roundhouse 4 x 3-pdrs
Crew 460 men
Length at gundeck 152 ft 7 in (46.52 m)
Width 40 ft 3 in (12.28 m)
Depth 17 ft 1 in (5.21 m)
Displacement 1089 Tons (Builder's Old Measurement)

References

Phillips, M., Michael Phillip's Ships of the Old Navy

Harrison, Simon and Manuel Blasco, Three Decks - Warships in the Age of Sail

Wikipedia

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.