Liria Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Liria Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on 1 November 1709 by the Duc de Liria from Irishmen exiled during the Nine Years' War (1688–97) and from Irish or British prisoners captured during the previous campaigns of the current war.

In 1710, the regiment was renamed “Vandoma” in honour of the Duc de Vendôme, who was commander-in-chief of the Franco-Spanish forces at the time.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was under the command of:

  • from 1 November 1709: Colonel Duque de Liria

The acting commander of the regiment was the Irishman, Lieutenant Colonel Patrick Begg.

According to a regulation issued on 19 February 1717, the regiment was renamed “Limerick”.

In 1734, the regiment was transferred to the service of the King of Naples, a son of Philip V.

Service during the War

no information found yet


Initially, uniforms seem to have been white, similar to those of the Spanish infantry.


no information found yet


Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid.

In the infantry, officers wore a silver or gold gorget and a spontoon.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: baton as worn under the reign of the Habsburg
  • lieutenant: baton as worn under the reign of the Habsburg
  • sub-lieutenant: baton with a horn band and a silver ring


The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small white woolen epaulette
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick


no information found yet


The colonel colour was identical to those of the Spanish infantry.


Boletin de la Agrupacion de Miniaturistas Militares de España

Downey, Declan M.: Beneath the Harp and Burgundian Cross: Irish Regiments in the Spanish Bourbon Army, 1700-1818, In: Hugo O’Donnell (ed.) Presencia irlandesa en la Milicia Española/The Irish Presence in the Spanish Military – 16th to 20th Centuries, Revista Internacional de Historia Milita, No.92, Madrid 2014, pp .83-105



Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article

Jörg Meier for additional info on the commanders of the regiment