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Origin and History
The regiment was created on 21 February 1684 as “Lorraine Infanterie” and given to N. de Monchy, Marquis d’Hocquincourt.
In 1690, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment took part in the Battle of Fleurus where its colonel was killed. The regiment was then given to the Comte d’Hocquincourt, the brother of the former colonel. The new colonel was killed near Huy in 1692. The same year the regiment took part in the siege of Namur. In 1693, it fought in the Battle of Marsaglia. In 1694, it served in Germany; in 1695, in Flanders, and from 1696 to 1697, on the Meuse.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:
- from 4 October 1692: Jean-Marie de Percin, Marquis de Montgaillard
- from 16 December 1703: Jean-Charles de Bournel de Namps, Marquis de Monchy
- from 29 March 1710: Comte de La Mothe-Houdancourt
- from 27 January 1711 to 25 November 1734: Jean-Étienne de Varennes-Gournay
Service during the War
In 1702, the regiment formed part of the Army of Germany and fought in the Battle of Friedlingen.
In February and March 1703, the regiment took part in the Siege of Kehl. It then campaigned in Bavaria.
On 13 August 1704, the regiment took part in the Battle of Blenheim.
In 1705 and 1706, the regiment was attached to the Army of the Moselle.
In 1707, the regiment formed part of the Army of Flanders.
On 11 July 1708, the regiment fought in the Battle of Oudenarde.
On 11 September 1709, the regiment took part in the Battle of Malplaquet.
In 1710, the regiment took part in the defence of Aire where his colonel, the Comte de La Mothe-Houdancourt, was killed.
On 24 July 1712, the regiment fought in the Battle of Denain. In August and September, it took part in the Siege of Douai and in the recapture of Le Quesnoy and Bouchain.
In 1713, the regiment took part in the sieges of Landau and Freiburg.
This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain: Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 212-213