Mac-Auliff Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Mac-Auliff Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was created according to an ordonnance issued on 29 October 1709. It was formed of Irishmen exiled during the Nine Years' War (1688–97) and from Irish or British prisoners captured during the previous campaigns of the current war. The recruitment of its single battalion (13 companies of 50 men each) was completed in 1710 in Aragon. It was then named Mac-Auliff and counted 408 men.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was under the command of:

  • from 13 November 1709: Colonel Demetrio Mac-Auliff
  • from ??? 17??: Colonel Tadeus (aka Tadeo) Mac-Auliff

According to a regulation issued on 19 February 1717, the regiment was renamed “Ultonia”.

Service during the War

In 1710, the regiment assembled in Zaragoza. It fought against the rebels in Aragon and took part in the blockade of Monzón in the Province of Huesca. On 27 July, it fought in the Battle of Almenar. On 11 August, it participated in the Combat of Peñalba. On 20 August, it was at the defeat of Zaragoza and followed the army in its retreat towards Castile Under the Duc de Vendôme, the regiment took part in the recapture of Toledo and Madrid. It then participated in the siege of Brihuega which surrendered on 9 December. On 10 December, the regiment fought in the victorious Combat of Villaviciosa which put an end to the struggle in Spain and confirmed the throne of Philip V.

In 1711, the regiment was transferred to Catalonia where it made itself master of boats on the Ebro River and resupplied Gerona. On 17 November, during the Siege of Cardona, it was present at the surrender of the town (the castle never capitulated). It was then sent to Aragon where it garrisoned at Teruel.

In 1712, the regiment distinguished itself at an action near Benabarre in the Province of Huesca, where it routed a party of rebels and pursued them into the Rivagorza Valley. The regiment was later assigned to the garrison of Rosas and defended it against the last attacks of the Allies. It then returned to Teruel.

In 1713, the regiment campaigned in Catalonia under General Vallejo. It fought against Catalan units of migueletes and somatenes irregulars, chasing them through Catalonia and defeating them at Prats de Llusanés.

In 1714, the regiment took part in the siege of Barcelona which surrendered on 11 September.

In 1715, the regiment was allocated to Asfeld's Army, charged to reconquer Mallorca. On 17 June, it was at the attack of Alcudia; on 29 June, at the capture of Palma.

In 1716, the regiment returned to Barcelona.

Uniform

Initially, uniforms seem to have been white, similar to those of the Spanish infantry.

Privates

no information found yet

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid.

In the infantry, officers wore a silver or gold gorget and a spontoon.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: baton as worn under the reign of the Habsburg
  • lieutenant: baton as worn under the reign of the Habsburg
  • sub-lieutenant: baton with a horn band and a silver ring

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small white woolen epaulette
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Musicians

no information found yet

Colours

The colonel colour was identical to those of the Spanish infantry.

References

This article is mostly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. XI, Madrid, 1851-62, pp. 351-361

Other sources

Boletin de la Agrupacion de Miniaturistas Militares de España

Dragonas

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article