Mendivil Cavalry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Mendivil Cavalry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in Andalusia in April 1704 as a provincial regiment.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • since 1 April 1704: Rafael Diaz de Mendivil (promoted to maréchal de camp on 27 February 1706)
  • from 26 May 1706: Francisco Arias del Castillo y de los Rios, Marquis de Villadarias
  • from January 1710 until 1715: Geronimo del Castillo Fajardo y Veintemilla

The regiment was disbanded in 1715.

Service during the War

In 1704, immediately after its formation, the regiment joined the Spanish army assembling for the invasion of Portugal.

In 1704 and 1705, the regiment took part to the unsuccessful blockade of Gibraltar.

Uniform

no information found yet

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid. They always wore a tricorne notwithstanding the headgear worn by soldiers.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small woolen epaulette (red or of the distinctive colour of the regiment)
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Standards

no information found yet

References

Dragonas Magazine

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article.