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Origin and History
At the outbreak of the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment counted one battalion.
Service during the War
On 3 July 1701, during the campaign in Northern Italy, the regiment, as part of the Savoyard Contingent, arrived at Cerea to join the Franco-Spanish army. By 17 August, the regiment, was deployed in the centre of the first line of infantry. On 1 September, it was present at the Battle of Chiari. On 17 November, Duke Victor Amadeus II of Savoy quit the Franco-Spanish army with his entire contingent, marching back to his duchy before the end of the campaign.
On 5 May 1702, the regiment was part of the troops of the Duke of Savoy who marched from Vercelli to serve once more with the Franco-Spanish army in another campaign in Northern Italy. From 26 May to 5 June, the Savoyard regiments gradually arrived at Goito on the Mincio River. By mid-July, the regiment was deployed on the extreme left of the first line of infantry. On 12 November, the Savoyard contingent left Vendôme's Army to march back to the Duchy of Savoy.
At the end of 1703, after the capture of several Savoyard units at San Sebastiano (29 September), the Duke of Savoy reconstituted and redeployed his army. The regiment was increased to 2 battalions (it retained this organisation till 1709).
At the end of 1704, the two battalions of the regiment were attached to the field army.
To do: campaigns 1703 to 1709
From 1701 to 1709, the unit wore the model 1691 uniform described hereafter.
|Neck stock||white, wrapped several times around the collar of the shirt to keep it closed, and knotted with the ends hanging freely on to the breast (from 1714 the ends were fastened behind the neck and were not hanging freely)|
|Coat||grey-white with pewter buttons on the right side
|Waistcoat||blue with pewter buttons|
|Stockings||blue fastened under the knee with a natural leather strap|
Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre. Grenadiers also carried a pistol.
Uniforms of NCOs were almost identical to those of privates but had a silver lace edging each cuffs.
NCOs carried a halberd.
Until 1750, officers didn’t have to wear any official uniform. In fact, they usually wore a uniform similar to the one of the troops but of better quality, probably decorated with golden lace on the edges of the coat and with gold buttons.
Officers always wore a blue sash around the waist.
no information found yet
Tentative reconstructions of the colours of the regiment circa 1706.
Colonella Colour (same for all line infantry regiments to the exception of the Guardie): blue field with a white cross; bordered with a wide blue frame; centre device consisting of the crowned cipher of Duke Victor Amadeus II.
Ordinanza Colour: red field with a white cross; bordered with blue and white flames; the crowned arms of Monferrato in the third canton (lower left canton).
Bona, Federico: Bandiere e Uniformi Sabaude
Cavalieri, Giorgio: Uniformi Piemontesi 1671- 1798, L'Arciere - 2004 - Riva di Chieri
Deputazione Sopra gli Studi di Storia Patria per le Antiche Provincie e la Lombardia: Le Campagne di Guerra in Piemonte (1703- 1708) e l'Assedio di Torino (1706), Vol. I, Torino Fratelli Bocca Librai di Sua Maestà
Fiorenti, Fabio: A me i miei dragoni, Gaspari Editore, Udine, 2006
Mola di Nomimaglio, Gustavo with Roberto Sandri Giachino, Giancarlo Melano, Piergiuseppe Menietti: L'esercito ducale sabaudo nel 1706. Organizzazione, uniformi, bandiere., Turin: Centro Studi Piemontesi, 2006
Michele Savasta Fiore for the initial version of this article