Montsorreau Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Montsorreau Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was created on 30 October 1673 and raised by the Marquis d’Huxelles for the conquest of Franche-Comté. Until 1762, it would be known by the names of its successive colonels.

During the Franco-Dutch War (1672-78), the regiment initially took part in the siege of Besançon. In 1675 and 1676, it garrisoned Brisach. In 1677, it was at the siege and capture of Freiburg. In 1678, it fought in the engagement of Seckingen and took part in the storming of Kehl and in the capture of the Castle of Lichtemberg. In 1679, it fought in the Battle of Minden.

In 1689, during the Nine Years' War (1688–97), the regiment joined the Army of Roussillon and took part in the siege of Camprodon and in the capture of Ripoll and San Juan de las Abadezas. In 1690, it was sent to Italy where it contributed to the capture of Cahours, fought in the Battle of Staffarda and was present at the siege and capture of Susa. In 1691, it took part in the operations against the Waldensians, in the sieges of Villefranche, Montalban, Sant ‘Ospizio, Nice, Veillane and Carmagnola, in the unsuccessful defence of Carmagnola. In 1692, the regiment was transferred to Catalonia where it participated in the blockade of Roses. In 1693, it returned to the Alps where it fought in the Battle of Marsaglia. In 1694, it was sent to Roussillon and Catalonia where it took part in the Battle of Torroella, in the storming of Palamos and in the capture of Girona, Ostalrich and Castelfollit. In 1695, it relieved the garrisons of Ostalrich and Palamos. In 1696, it fought in an engagement near Ostalrich. In 1697, it served in the siege of Barcelona.

By the time of the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment counted only one battalion but, on 1 February 1701, it was increased to two battalions.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:

  • from 24 February 1692: Louis du Bouchet de Sourches, Comte de Montsorreau
  • from 26 October 1704: N. De Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil (killed in action on 23 August during the siege of Turin)
  • from 5 September 1706 to 14 June 1718: Louis-François du Bouchet, Comte de Sourches

In 1714, the second battalion was disbanded.

Service during the War

First Battalion

In 1701, the battalion was sent to the Rhine. In September, it left for Italy. It took up its winter-quarters in Mantua.

In 1702, the battalion campaigned in Italy where it was at the capture of Luzzara and Borgoforte.

In 1703, the battalion was attached to the corps who the Duc de Vendôme in his expedition in Tyrol. It was left at the harbour of Desenzano on Lake Garda to guard the place. It then marched to Arco. At the end of the year, it took up its winter-quarters in the country of Monferrato.

Second Battalion

In 1703, the battalion took part in the Siege of Alt-Breisach where it lost a captain. After the capitulation of the place, it escorted the heavy artillery back to Strasbourg. In October, it was present at the Siege of Landau. After the capture of the place, it set off for Italy where it rejoined the first battalion.

Reunited Battalions

In 1704, the regiment took part in the sieges of Vercelli and Ivrea. In November, under its new name of “Vaudreuil Infanterie”, it started the Siege of Verrua.

In 1705, the Duc de la Feuillade transferred the regiment to the army who laid siege to Nice. On March 15, the regiment opened the trenches in front of Nice. On 2 April, the place capitulated. The regiment then took part in the siege of Chivasso. On 16 August, it fought in the Battle of Cassano. In December, it returned to Nice which had fallen into the hands of the Allies.

At the beginning of January 1706, the regiment, after the siege of Nice, took up its winter-quarters. The same year, it took part in the unsuccessful siege of Turin where its colonel, the Marquis de Vaudreuil, was killed in action. The regiment then took the name of its new colonel: the Comte de Sourches. After the disastrous Battle of Turin, the regiment retreated to France.

In 1707, the regiment was sent to Spain. On 25 April, it fought in the Battle of Almansa. It then took part in the submission of Vinaros and Pampeluna and in the capture of Lérida.

In 1708, the regiment was employed in the siege of Tortosa where it was charged to guard the post of the Pinet. On 5 July, Lieutenant-Colonel d'Assise and a lieutenant were killed.

At the end of 1709, the regiment returned to France where it was redirected to Alsace. It then remained in the Lines of the Lauter or in Haguenau until 1713.

In 1713, the regiment took part in the siege of Landau where it opened the trench with Navarre Infanterie. It then contributed to the siege of Freiburg.

In 1714, the second battalion was disbanded.

Uniform

To do

Colours

To do

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 6, pp. 372-377