Muralt Infantry

From Project WSS
Jump to navigationJump to search

Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Dutch Army >> Muralt Infantry

Origin and History

This regiment was raised on 1 January 1697 in the Canton of Bern by Guillaume de Muralt for the Dutch service.

Upon joining the Dutch service, the regiment consisted of 2 battalions, for a total of 1,700 men. It was later decreased to 1,200 men in 2 battalions (each of 3 companies of 200 men) from Neuenburg, Schaffhausen, Zürich, Bern and Waadt.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • from 1 January 1697 to 13 June 1702: Guillaume de Muralt (1651-1702, severely wounded at the Siege of Kaiserswerth, died from his wounds shortly afterwards on 13 June 1702)
  • from 10 October 1702: Daniel de Chambrier (1665-1728, wounded at the Battle of Malplaquet, promoted to brigadier on 22 February 1709 and to major-general on 10 March 1723, retired in 1728)

In 1715, the regiment was reduced to only 600 men. It was disbanded in 1796.

Service during the War

From April to June 1702, the regiment took part in the Siege of Kaiserswerth, where its colonel was mortally wounded. On 23 October, it took part in the storming of the Citadel of Liège. In December, it was quartered in Venlo.

In April and May 1703, the regiment took part in the Siege of Bonn. In December 1703, it was quartered in Maastricht and Viset.

In 1704, the regiment accompanied the Duke of Marlborough in his march to the Danube. On 2 July, it was at the Battle of Schellenberg; and on 13 August, it fought in the famous Battle of Blenheim. From October to December, it was at the blockade, siege and capture of Trarbach.

On 23 May 1706, the regiment took part in the Battle of Ramillies. In August, it was at the Siege of Menin.

On 11 July 1708, the regiment took part in the Battle of Oudenarde.

In 1709, the regiment took part in the siege of Tournai. On 11 September, it fought in the Battle of Malplaquet, where his colonel was wounded.

In 1710, the regiment took part in the sieges of Béthune, Saint-Venant and Aire-sur-Lys.

From August to September 1711, the regiment took part in the Siege of Bouchain.

Uniform

no information found yet

Colours

no information found yet

References

Wikipedia German Edition - Schweizer Truppen in niederländischen Diensten

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgement

Jean-Louis Vial for the initial version of this article